Nitin Andrew Das

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INTRODUCTION Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy has emerged as a standard of care for small renal masses. Nevertheless, there remains concern over the potential for irreversible insult to the kidney as a result of exposure to warm ischemia. We aim to investigate the utility of selective segmental arterial clamping as a means to reduce the potential for(More)
BACKGROUND A standard of care for the treatment of small renal masses is partial nephrectomy. The open and laparoscopic approaches have been well described in the literature. Robotic assistance may augment partial nephrectomy by aiding in dissection and renal reconstruction. In this communication we describe the surgical outcomes of 35 patients undergoing(More)
The overall goals of this study were to investigate whether metformin exerts anti-fibrotic effects in aldosterone (Aldo)+salt-treated wild type mouse hearts, and determine the underlying molecular mechanisms in isolated adult cardiac fibroblasts (CF). In vitro, Aldo induced CF activation, migration, and proliferation, and these effects were inhibited by(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Computed tomography (CT) section thickness and reconstruction kernel each influence CT measurements of emphysema. This study was performed to assess whether their effects are related to the magnitude of the measurement. MATERIALS AND METHODS Low-radiation-dose multidetector CT was performed in 21 subjects representing a wide range(More)
Outcomes after lung transplantation are markedly inferior to those after other solid organ transplants. A better understanding of cellular and molecular mechanisms contributing to lung graft injury will be critical to improve outcomes. Advances in this field have been hampered by the lack of a mouse model of lung transplantation. Here, we report a mouse(More)
Hyperglycemia-induced endothelial dysfunction is characterized by enhanced inflammatory cytokine and adhesion molecule expression, and endothelial-monocyte adhesion. The adapter molecule CIKS (connection to IKK and SAPK/JNK; also known as Act1 or TRAF3IP2) is an upstream regulator of NF-κB and AP-1, and plays a role in inflammation and injury. Here we show(More)
OBJECTIVE Systemic tacrolimus therapy has been shown to protect against lung ischemia-reperfusion injury in animal models. We sought to investigate on a functional and cellular level if inhaled nanoparticle tacrolimus administered to the donor lung before procurement could similarly attenuate ischemia-reperfusion injury after lung transplant. METHODS An(More)
RATIONALE By creating artificial communications through bronchial walls into the parenchyma of explanted lungs (airway bypass), we expect to decrease the amount of gas trapped and to increase the rate and volume of air expelled during forced expirations. OBJECTIVES To describe the mechanism by which airway bypass improves the mechanical properties of the(More)
PURPOSE To characterize the effect of diffusion time on short-range hyperpolarized (3)He magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) diffusion measurements across a wide range of emphysema severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS (3)He diffusion MRI was performed on 19 lungs or lobes resected from 18 subjects with varying degrees of emphysema using three diffusion times (1.6(More)
OBJECTIVE Endothelial cells express the ectoenzyme ectonucleoside adenosine triphosphate diphosphohydrolase, an apyrase that inhibits vascular inflammation by catalyzing the hydrolysis of adenosine triphosphate and adenosine diphosphate. However, ectonucleoside adenosine triphosphate diphosphohydrolase expression is rapidly lost following oxidative stress,(More)