Nithya N Raveendran

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Reissner's membrane epithelium forms much of the barrier that produces and sustains the large ionic differences between cochlear endolymph and perilymph. We have reported that Reissner's membrane contributes to normal cochlear function by absorbing Na(+) from endolymph via amiloride-sensitive channels in gerbil inner ear. We used mouse Reissner's membrane(More)
The low luminal Ca2+ concentration of mammalian endolymph in the vestibular labyrinth is required for normal balance. We found transcripts in primary cultures of semicircular canal duct (SCCD) epithelial cells from neonatal rats representing a complete transport system for transepithelial absorption of Ca2+ that is comprised of the epithelial Ca2+ channels(More)
The low luminal Ca2+ concentration of mammalian endolymph in the inner ear is required for normal hearing and balance. We recently reported the expression of mRNA for a Ca2+-absorptive transport system in primary cultures of semicircular canal duct (SCCD) epithelium. We now identify this system in native vestibular and cochlear tissues by qRT-PCR,(More)
The lumen of the inner ear has an unusually low concentration of endolymphatic Na+, which is important for transduction processes. We have recently shown that glucocorticoid receptors (GR) stimulate absorption of Na+ by semicircular canal duct (SCCD) epithelia. In the present study, we sought to determine the presence of genes involved in the control of the(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used extensively as therapeutic agents, despite their well documented gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity. At this time, the mechanisms responsible for NSAID-associated GI damage are incompletely understood. In this study, we used microarray analysis to generate a novel hypothesis about cellular mechanisms that(More)
The ionic composition of the luminal fluid in the vestibular labyrinth is maintained within tight limits by the many types of epithelial cells bounding the lumen. Regulatory mechanisms include systemic, paracrine and autocrine hormones along with their associated intracellular signal pathways. The epithelium lining the semicircular canal duct (SCCD) is a(More)
The vestibular system controls the ion composition of its luminal fluid through several epithelial cell transport mechanisms under hormonal regulation. The semicircular canal duct (SCCD) epithelium has been shown to secrete Cl- under β2-adrenergic stimulation. In the current study, we sought to determine the ion transporters involved in Cl- secretion and(More)
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