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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Epilepsy, the most common neurological disorder, has treatment failure rate of 20 to 25%. Inter-individual variability in drug response can be attributed to genetic polymorphism in genes encoding different drug metabolizing enzymes, drug transporters (P-gp), and enzymes involved in sodium channel biosynthesis. The present study(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the extent and nature of off-label drug use in children admitted to a pediatric general ward in a tertiary health care centre METHODS Consecutive patients aged 1 mo-12 years admitted to the general wards in a tertiary care center in Mumbai over a two-month period were prospectively enrolled in the study. British National Formulary(More)
BACKGROUND We assessed the extent of use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) by patients with four chronic diseases-epilepsy, HIV, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and diabetes mellitus (DM)-at a tertiary care, teaching hospital of allopathic medicine in India. We also assessed patients' satisfaction with CAM. METHODS Adults attending the outpatient(More)
The Declaration of Helsinki (DoH) was adopted by the World Medical Association (WMA) in 1964, as a statement of ethical principles, to provide guidance to physicians and other participants in medical research involving human subjects. Having undergone several amendments, the most recent version was approved on 18 October 2008, by the WMA General Assembly at(More)
BACKGROUND In biomedical journals, authors are expected to report if the study was carried out in accordance with international and national ethical guidelines and inform readers if approval from ethics committee was obtained and if written informed consent was taken from the participant or legal guardian. AIMS To determine the proportion of research(More)
Multiple drug resistance is a common problem in the treatment of epilepsy, and approximately 30% of patients continue to have seizures despite all therapeutic interventions. Among various classes of drug transporters, genetic variants of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) encoded by the ABCB1 (ATP-binding cassette subfamily B member 1) gene have been associated with(More)
BACKGROUND Plasmodium vivax is an important cause of malaria in many parts of Asia and South America, and resistance to the standard treatment (chloroquine) is now high in some parts of Oceania. This review aims to assess the current treatment options in the light of rising chloroquine resistance. OBJECTIVES To compare Artemisinin-based combination(More)
Anticonvulsant hypersensitivity syndrome (AHS), characterised by fever, rash and internal organ involvement, is a rare, but potentially fatal adverse event that occurs most commonly with first-line aromatic anticonvulsants, but can also occur with non-aromatic anticonvulsants such as lamotrigine and valproic acid. AHS can begin anywhere from 1 to 12 weeks(More)
BACKGROUND Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are now recognized as an important cause of hospital admissions, with a proportion ranging from 0.9-7.9%. They also constitute a significant economic burden. We thus aimed at determining the prevalence and the economic burden of ADRs presenting to Medical Emergency Department (ED) of a tertiary referral center in(More)