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BACKGROUND/AIMS High-resolution manometry (HRM) with pressure topography is used to subtype achalasia cardia, which has therapeutic implications. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical characteristics, manometric variables and treatment outcomes among the achalasia subtypes based on the HRM findings. METHODS The patients who underwent HRM at(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered an integral part of metabolic syndrome (MS). We aimed to explore the inter-relations of MS and dietary composition in subjects with and without hepatic steatosis and to identify the nutritional risk factors contributing to NAFLD. SUBJECTS/METHODS In all 98 subjects with(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The development-processes by regional socio-cultural adaptation of an Enhanced Asian Rome III questionnaire (EAR3Q), a cultural adaptation of the Rome III diagnostic questionnaire (R3DQ), and its translation-validation in Asian languages are presented. As English is not the first language for most Asians, translation-validation of EAR3Q is(More)
TO THE EDITOR: We would like to appreciate the interest shown in our article by Dr. Joo. Our response to his queries is as follows: (1) The risk factors for prediction of recurrence after endo-scopic pneumatic dilatation are young age, male sex, shorter duration of symptoms, low pre-treatment lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure and post therapy LES(More)
AIM Large pancreatic ductal calculi and pain are a feature of chronic calcific pancreatitis (CCP) in the tropics. This large single center study evaluates the role of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in fragmentation of large pancreatic stones and relief of pain in patients with CCP. METHODS Patients with CCP presenting with pain and large(More)
Chronic constipation (CC) may impact on quality of life. There is substantial patient dissatisfaction; possible reasons are failure to recognize underlying constipation, inappropriate dietary advice and inadequate treatment. The aim of these practical guidelines intended for primary care physicians, and which are based on Asian perspectives, is to provide(More)
BACKGROUND Attempts to diagnose and subtype irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) by symptom-based criteria have limitations, as these are developed in the West and might not be applicable in other populations. OBJECTIVES This study aimed to compare different criteria for diagnosing and subtyping of IBS in India. METHOD Manning's and the Rome I, II, and III(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The role of Mycobacterium avium ss paratuberculosis (MAP) in the etiopathology of Crohn's disease (CD) remains controversial, because of conflicting reports demonstrating the presence of MAP-specific insertion sequence from intestinal biopsy tissues of patients clinically diagnosed for the disease. The present study was carried out(More)
BACKGROUND Electrical stimulation therapy (EST) has been shown to increase lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure in animals; however, data on the effect of EST on LES pressure in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are lacking. OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of EST on LES pressure and esophageal function(More)
BACKGROUND ERCP experience in pancreatic disorders in children is limited. OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the utility and efficacy of ERCP in children with pancreatic diseases at a tertiary care referral center. PATIENTS AND SETTINGS Consecutive patients 18 years of age and younger who underwent ERCP for pancreatic diseases from January 2010 to June(More)