Nissim-Claude Cohen

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Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases such as stroke, myocardial infarction, and heart failure, the leading causes of death in the Western world. Inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) have proven to be successful treatments for hypertension. As renin specifically catalyses the rate-limiting step of the RAS, it represents(More)
The generation of large mutant libraries for in vitro enzyme evolution presents the challenge of effectively screening libraries of 10(4)-10(7) mutants on the basis of simultaneously assaying their biocatalytic activity. In this review, we highlight the main steps involved in this process, describe the alternative approaches to address this challenge,(More)
Due to its function in the rate limiting initial step of the renin-angiotensin system, renin is a particularly promising target for drugs designed to control hypertension, a growing risk to health worldwide. Despite vast efforts over more than two decades, no orally efficacious renin inhibitor had reached the market. As a result of a structure-based(More)
Novel nonpeptide small molecule renin inhibitors bearing an N-isopropyl P(1) motif were designed based on initial lead structures 1 and aliskiren (2). (P(3)-P(1))-Benzamide derivatives such as 9a and 34, as well as the corresponding P(1) basic tertiary amine derivatives 10 and 35 were found to display low nanomolar inhibition against human renin in vitro.
The action of renin is the rate-limiting step of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), a key regulator of blood pressure. Effective renin inhibitors directly block the RAS entirely at source and, thus, may provide a vital weapon for hypertension therapy. Our efforts toward identifying novel small-molecule peptidomimetic renin inhibitors have resulted in the(More)
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