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A specific immunofluorescent probe consisting of polyclonal antibodies was developed to detect a marine bacterium, Vibrio sp. strain P11, which was found in a previous study to promote the ice-ice disease in the cultivated red macroalga, Kappaphycus alvarezii. The method involves a combined application of the fluorescent stains,(More)
In order to understand the cellular defense system in the giant clam Tridacna crocea, which harbors symbiotic microalga zooxanthella, hemocytes of the giant clam were characterized using light and electron microscopy. Three types of hemocytes, which we named eosinophilic granular hemocytes, agranular cells, and morula-like cells, were recognized. The(More)
Although it is generally accepted that axillary dissection provides no survival advantage in patients with breast cancer, it is commonly regarded as a reliable method of assessing nodal status and treating regional disease. However, it is time to consider eliminating routine axillary dissection in patients who are clinically node-negative. A sentinel lymph(More)
By using low-temperature, clean, and nutrient-rich properties of deep seawater (DSW; seawater below the euphotic layer), a continuous and simultaneous cultivation system for a benthic food diatom, Nitzschia sp., and juvenile abalone was established. Cell suspension of Nitzschia sp. was added to a bioreactor made of acrylic pipe (7 cm diameter x 50 cm long)(More)