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CONTEXT A method based on two GH-dependent markers, IGF-I and pro-collagen type III N-terminal peptide (P-III-P), has been devised to detect exogenously administered GH. Because previous studies on the detection of GH abuse involved predominantly adult athletes, the method must be validated in adolescent athletes. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to(More)
BACKGROUND The GH-2000 project developed a method for detecting GH misuse based on the measurement of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and the amino-terminal pro-peptide of type III collagen (P-III-NP). The objective of this study was to develop decision limits for the GH-2000 score to detect GH misuse in elite athletes using two currently available(More)
A method based on two serum biomarkers - insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and pro-collagen type III N-terminal propeptide (P-III-NP) - has been devised to detect growth hormone (GH) misuse. The aims of this study were to determine the stability of IGF-I and P-III-NP concentrations in serum stored at -20°C and to establish the effects of one freeze-thaw(More)
CONTEXT The GH-2000 and GH-2004 research groups developed a method for detecting GH misuse in athletes based on the measurement of serum IGF-I and procollagen type III amino-terminal propeptide (P-III-NP). There are reports that IGF-I is also misused by athletes, but currently there is no internationally recognized test designed to detect recombinant human(More)
As the tests for detecting growth hormone (GH) abuse develop further, it is likely that athletes will turn to doping with insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). IGF-I mediates many of the anabolic actions of growth hormone. It stimulates muscle protein synthesis, promotes glycogen storage and enhances lipolysis, all of which make IGF-I attractive as a(More)
BACKGROUND The GH-2000 score has been developed as a powerful and unique technique for the detection of growth hormone misuse by sportsmen and women. The score depends upon the measurement of two growth hormone (GH) sensitive markers, insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and the amino-terminal pro-peptide of type III collagen (P-III-NP). With the collection(More)
The GH-2000 and GH-2004 projects have developed a method for detecting GH misuse based on measuring insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and the amino-terminal pro-peptide of type III collagen (P-III-NP). The objectives were to analyze more samples from elite athletes to improve the reliability of the decision limit estimates, to evaluate whether the(More)
It is widely believed that growth hormone (GH) is abused by athletes for its anabolic and lipolytic effects. Many of the physiological effects of GH are mediated by the production of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). Both GH and IGF-I appear on the World Anti-Doping Agency list of prohibited substances. Little is known, however, about the prevalence of(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is reportedly misused by elite athletes, either alone or with growth hormone (GH). The GH-2000 and GH-2004 research groups previously developed a method for detecting GH misuse based on the GH-sensitive markers IGF-I and procollagen type III amino-terminal propeptide (P-III-NP). Both markers increase in response to(More)