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The present work, involving clinical, behavioral, and biochemical studies, was undertaken to elucidate the probable mechanism of the observed antianxiety effects of cannabis. The population for the clinical study consisted of 50 male chronic cannabis users who were otherwise healthy and 50 matched controls. When evaluated on Taylor's Manifest Anxiety Scale(More)
A survey programme was organised in Lucknow and Farrukhabad, two towns of Uttar Pradesh, from March 1987 to July 1987. During the survey, the common folk medicine plants used by women were recorded and Ayurvedic and Unani drug encyclopedias were consulted for the antireproductive potential of these plants. Aqueous or 90% ethanol extracts of the plants of(More)
Described are the susceptibility of the Indian langur (Presbytis entellus) to Leishmania donovani and the consequent haematological and serum biochemical changes. The host response to antileishmanial chemotherapy and the immunological profile were also examined. Each langur was inoculated intravenously with 1 x 10(8) amastigotes; a spleen biopsy carried out(More)
OBJECTIVES. Evidence suggests that ostracism exerts an immediate and painful threat to an individual's primary needs for belonging, meaningful existence, control, and self-esteem. Individuals with schizophrenia are particularly likely to experience the effects of ostracism, being amongst the most stigmatized of all the mental illnesses. The aims of the(More)
A newly developed male contraceptive, styrene maleic anhydride (SMA), was injected in the vas deferens of male rhesus monkeys for safety evaluation at the dose of 100 mg (contraceptive dose, CD), 250 mg (CD x 2.5) and 500 mg (CD x 5.0), and the monkeys were kept under observation for one year. The observed behavioural, haematological, biochemical and(More)
Polymer styrene Maleic anhydride (SMA) dissolved in dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO) was injected into the lumen in each vas deferens of male rats at dose levels of 0.25 mg, 0.50 mg, 1.0 mg, 2.5 mg, and 5.0 mg, while control rats (groups 1) received 0.03 mL DMSO in each vas deferens. After 4 weeks, the lumen was flushed with 0.1 mL DMSO and the animals were left(More)
BACKGROUND Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common out-patient diagnoses in primary care and gastroenterology. There are limited data on the rate and costs associated with in-patient discharges for IBS. AIM To estimate the incidence and costs of hospital discharges for IBS in the United States. METHODS We analysed the National Inpatient(More)