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BACKGROUND It has been theorized that degenerative rotator cuff tears most commonly involve the supraspinatus tendon, initiating at the anterior portion of the supraspinatus insertion and propagating posteriorly. The purposes of this study were to determine the most common location of degenerative rotator cuff tears and to examine tear location patterns(More)
Gallbladder polyps are seen on as many as 7% of gallbladder ultrasonographic images. The differential diagnosis for a polypoid gallbladder mass is wide and includes pseudotumors, as well as benign and malignant tumors. Tumefactive sludge may be mistaken for a gallbladder polyp. Pseudotumors include cholesterol polyps, adenomyomatosis, and inflammatory(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to analyze the sonographic appearance of a large series of pathologically proven ganglia. MATERIALS AND METHODS A computer search of sonography and pathology reports for hand and wrist ganglia was performed. All sonography reports and images were reviewed for ganglion size, location, presence of a neck,(More)
BACKGROUND Fatty degeneration of the rotator cuff muscles may have detrimental effects on both anatomical and functional outcomes following shoulder surgery. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between tear geometry and muscle fatty degeneration in shoulders with a deficient rotator cuff. METHODS Ultrasonograms of both shoulders(More)
INTRODUCTION Little information exists regarding the long-term outcome after structural failure of rotator cuff repair. We previously reported clinical improvement, despite a 94% rate of failure of healing, at two years of follow-up in a cohort of eighteen patients who had undergone arthroscopic repair of massive rotator cuff tears. The purpose of the(More)
The paratesticular scrotal contents consist of the spermatic cord, epididymis, and fascia, which originate from the embryologic descent of the testis through the abdominal wall. Historically, the primary diagnostic modality has been high-resolution ultrasound. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an alternative imaging option. Both contrast MRI and diffusion(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our study was to evaluate in cadavers the ability of high-resolution sonography to identify both the normal tendinous insertion and tears of the teres minor. MATERIALS AND METHODS The teres minor insertion in five cadaveric shoulders was imaged, and methylene blue dye was injected into both the superior and inferior margins of the(More)
Doppler sonography is frequently obtained in patients with chronic liver disease, patients with suspected portal hypertension, and patients with known portal hypertension. In this clinical setting, it is important to understand both the normal hemodynamics of the liver and the morphological and hemodynamic changes that occur with portal hypertension. Among(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnostic evaluation of rotator cuff muscle quality is important to determine indications for potential operative repair. Ultrasonography has developed into an accepted and useful tool for evaluating rotator cuff tendon tears; however, its use for evaluating rotator muscle quality has not been well established. The purpose of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to examine the baseline function and results of arthroscopic cuff repair in shoulders with small and medium-sized full-thickness cuff tears with complete supraspinatus disruption compared with those with an intact anterior supraspinatus tendon. METHODS The study evaluated 112 subjects with small and medium-sized(More)