Nirupma Trehanpati

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Limited response to current hepatitis B virus (HBV) drugs is possibly due to inadequate host cytotoxic cellular responses. Circulating Tregs have been shown to be associated with chronicity of HBV infection, but their profile during antiviral therapy has not been studied. We analyzed the frequency and effect of Tregs on cellular immune responses against HBV(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS HCV GT-3 has a more pronounced effect on hepatic steatosis and host lipids than other HCV genotypes and is proving less responsive to all oral interferon-free treatment with direct acting antiviral agents. As both HCV GT3 infection and NASH can result in steatosis and cirrhosis, we asked whether hepatic transcriptional profiles(More)
UNLABELLED CD4+ T and regulatory T cells (Tregs) seem to play a key role in persistence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. However, the molecular events by which Tregs exert their modulatory activity are largely unknown. The transcriptional profiles of CD4+ T cells of healthy controls (HCs) and patients affected by acute hepatitis B (AVH-B) or chronic(More)
Response to antiviral therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) depends upon the genotype and host immune response. IL28b gene mutations have been shown to modulate host antiviral immune response against genotype 1. However, the predictive value of IL28b polymorphism in genotype 3 HCV patients is largely unknown. The association of IL28b polymorphism with(More)
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection affects millions of people worldwide and about a half million people die every year. India represents the second largest pool of chronic HBV infection worldwide with an estimated 40 million infected people. The prevalence of chronic HBV infection in pregnant women is shown to be 0.82 per cent with the risk of(More)
Approximately 50% of acute viral hepatitis in young adults and in pregnant women is due to hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in developing countries. T cell-mediated immune injury probably plays a key role in the pathogenesis of acute hepatitis illness. However, there is a paucity of data on the global gene expression programs activated on T cells, which(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cause of cancer death worldwide and hepatitis B is one of the commonest causes. T regulatory cells (Tregs) are strong immunomodulators and are likely to play a major role in HCC development. HBV infection is reported to induce expansion of Tregs. We investigated the CD4+CD25+CD127(-ve)FoxP3+(More)
Acute and chronic liver failure is associated with high mortality. The enormous regenerative potential of the liver has generated a lot of attention. We undertook this work to assess the two-tier regenerative response in liver failure by immunohistochemistry and to correlate such response with liver histology in acute liver failure (ALF), acute-on-chronic(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the leading cause of cancer death, and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is one of the commonest causes in Asian countries. India has the second largest pool after China for hepatitis B-infected subjects. HBV clearance is T cell dependent, and one of the reasons for T cells hyporesponsiveness is due to mass production of(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is associated with poor prognosis and treatment of HE is primarily directed at the reduction of the blood ammonia levels. The study evaluated the efficacy and safety of albumin plus lactulose versus lactulose alone for treatment of overt HE. METHODS In prospective randomized controlled trial, 120 patients with overt(More)