Nirupama Bulusu

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Instrumenting the physical world through large networks of wireless sensor nodes, particularly for applications like marine biology, requires that these nodes be very small, light, un-tethered and unobtrusive, imposing substantial restrictions on the amount of additional hardware that can be placed at each node. Practical considerations such as the small(More)
A noise map facilitates monitoring of environmental noise pollution in urban areas. It can raise citizen awareness of noise pollution levels, and aid in the development of mitigation strategies to cope with the adverse effects. However, state-of-the-art techniques for rendering noise maps in urban areas are expensive and rarely updated (months or even(More)
Embedded networked sensors promise to revolutionize the way we interact with our physical environment and require scalable, ad hoc deployable and energy-efficient node localization/positioning.This paper describes the motivation, design, implementation, and experimental evaluation (on sharply resource-constrained devices) of a <i>self-configuring</i>(More)
Beacon placement strongly affects the quality of spatial localization, a critical service for context-aware applications in wireless sensor networks; yet this aspect of localization has received little attention. Fixed beacon placement approaches such as uniform and very dense placement are not always viable and will be inadequate in very noisy environments(More)
Experience with wired networks has provides guidance about what level of detail is appropriate for simulationbased protocol studies. Wireless simulations raise many new questions about approriate levels of detail in simulation models for radio propagation and energy consumption. This paper describes the trade-offs associated with adding detail to simulation(More)
Spatial localization or the ability to locate nodes is an important building block for next generation pervasive computing systems, but a formidable challenge, particularly, for very small hardware and energy constrained devices, for noisy, unpredictable environments and for very large ad hoc deployed and networked systems. In this paper, we describe,(More)
We present a novel scheme for node localization in a delay-tolerant sensor network (DTN). In a DTN, sensor devices are often organized in network clusters that may be mutually disconnected. Some mobile robots may be used to collect data from the network clusters. The key idea in our scheme is to use this robot to perform location estimation for the sensor(More)
Pervasive networks of micro-sensors and actuators offer to revolutionize the ways in which we understand and construct complex physical systems. Sensor networks must be scalable, long-lived and robust systems, overcoming energy limitations and a lack of pre-installed infrastructure. We explore three themes in the design of self-configuring sensor networks:(More)
This paper investigates a wireless, acoustic sensor network application --- monitoring amphibian populations in the monsoonal woodlands of northern Australia. Our goal is to use automatic recognition of animal vocalizations to census the populations of native frogs and the invasive introduced species, the Cane Toad (see Fig. 1). This is a challenging(More)