Nirupam Roy Chowdhury

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Uridine-diphosphoglucuronate glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) are a family of enzymes that conjugate various endogenous and exogenous compounds with glucuronic acid and facilitate their excretion in the bile. Bilirubin-UGT(1) (UGT1A1) is the only isoform that significantly contributes to the conjugation of bilirubin. Lesions in the gene encoding(More)
Crigler-Najjar syndrome type I (CN-I) is caused by an inherited absence of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase activity toward bilirubin (B-UGT), resulting in severe non-hemolytic unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. Based on the expression of cDNAs in COS cells, two UGT isoforms in human liver, B-UGT1 and B-UGT2, have been reported to catalyze bilirubin(More)
Crigler-Najjar (CN) disease is classified into two subtypes, type I and II. The molecular basis for the difference between these types is not well understood. Several mutations in the bilirubin UDP-glucuronosyl-transferase (B-UGT) gene of six CN type I and two CN type II patients were identified. Recombinant cDNAs containing these mutations were expressed(More)
Isolated hepatocytes, harvested from normal rat livers by portal vein collagenase perfusion, can be attached to collagen-coated dextran microcarriers and transplanted by intraperitoneal injection into rats. Survival and function of the transplanted hepatocytes have been demonstrated in mutant rats lacking bilirubin-uridine diphosphate(More)
UDPglucuronosyltransferase [UDPglucuronate beta-D-glucuronosyltransferase (acceptor-unspecific), EC 2.4.1.17] is a group of enzymes with distinct but partially overlapping substrate specificity. A rabbit antiserum raised against one purified rat liver UDPglycuronosyltransferase isoform was specific for UDPglucuronosyltransferase and recognized all(More)
Genetic lesions of bilirubin-uridine-diphosphoglucuronate glucuronosyltransferase-1 (UGT1A1) completely or partially abolish hepatic bilirubin glucuronidation, causing Crigler-Najjar syndrome type 1 or 2, respectively. Clinical observations indicate that some mutant forms of human UGT1A1 (hUGT1A1) may be dominant-negative, suggesting their interaction with(More)
Dietary antioxidants protect laboratory animals against the induction of tumors by a variety of chemical carcinogens. Among possible mechanisms, protection against chemical carcinogenesis could be mediated via antioxidant-dependent induction of detoxifying enzymes. Therefore, we investigated the effects of two commonly used food preservatives, butylated(More)
Viral vectors and protein carriers utilizing asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGR)-mediated endocytosis are being developed to transfer genes for the correction of bilirubin-UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (bilirubin-UGT) deficiency. Ex vivo evaluation of these gene transfer vectors would be facilitated by a cell system that lacks bilirubin-UGT, but expresses(More)
The shortage of human livers available for hepatocyte isolation limits its clinical application. The availability of cloned, conditionally immortalized hepatocytes that could be grown in culture but would lose their transformed phenotype and provide metabolic support upon transplantation would greatly facilitate the treatment of acute liver failure. Toward(More)