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Epilepsy is the most common chronic neurological disorder of the brain. For several decades different kinds of medications have been used to treat epilepsy. Even though many surgical advances has been made and implemented, medications remain the basis of treatment. The search for noble antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) with more selective activity and lower(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY Patients with mechanical heart valves implanted at four cardiothoracic centers were followed up in a hospital in Eastern India. Despite successful surgery and regular hospital visits, long-term survival was compromised by anticoagulation-related complications. METHODS Systematic analysis revealed under-anticoagulation in(More)
Extensive attempts to overcome problems related to solubility of drugs for maximizing bioavailability at targeted sites in the body have been made. The issue of drug solubility appears to attract the continued interest of pharmaceutical manufacturers. In this context, nanocrystallization has emerged as an important tool. In the present review, the authors(More)
A series of triazin-3(2H)-one derivatives bearing 1,3,4-oxadiazole (4a-4o) were synthesized, characterized and evaluated for anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities. Preliminary in vitro anti-inflammatory activity was assessed using an albumin denaturation assay. The promising compounds were further evaluated in acute, sub-chronic and chronic animal(More)
Codrug or mutual prodrug is an approach where various effective drugs, which are associated with some drawbacks, can be modified by attaching with other drugs of same or different categories directly or via a linkage. More appropriately one can say combining two different pharmacophores with similar or different pharmacological activities elicit synergistic(More)
Malaria is a global health problem that needs attention of drug discovery scientists to investigate novel compounds with high drug efficacy, safety and low cost to counter the malaria parasites that are resistant to existing drug molecules. This is an overview of past to present status of antimalarial drugs including newly researched candidates and also the(More)
In the present study, a series of N(3)-substituted 2,4-imidazolidinediones and oxazolidinediones derivatives (1-16) were synthesized and tested for anticonvulsant activity using the maximal electroshock seizure test. Affinity towards receptor (5-HT<sub>1A/2A</sub>) was also studied. Their neurotoxicity was determined using the rotarod test. Structures of(More)
A series of novel hybrids comprising of 1,3,4-oxadiazole/thiadiazole and 1,2,4-triazole tethered to 5,6-diphenyl-1,2,4-triazin-3(2H)-one were designed, synthesised and evaluated as COX-2 inhibitors for the treatment of inflammation. The synthesised hybrids were characterised using FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, elemental (C,H,N) analyses and assessed for their(More)
Thiazolidinedione (TZD) derivatives are the novel class of oral antidiabetic drugs which are selective agonist for the nuclear PPAR γ that enhances the transcription of several insulin responsive genes but TZDs are known to cause weight gain, hepatotoxicity and fluid retention. So a new series of coumarin coupled thiazolidinedione derivatives and its(More)
BACKGROUND Aurora kinases are key mitotic kinases executing multiple aspects of eukaryotic cell-division. The apicomplexan homologs being essential for survival, suggest that the Leishmania homolog, annotated LdAIRK, may be equally important. METHODS Bioinformatics, stage-specific immunofluorescence microscopy, immunoblotting, RT-PCR, molecular docking,(More)