Niroshani Surangika Soysa

Learn More
Oral candidosis (syn. Oral candidiasis; OC), is a collective term given to a group of oral mucosal disorders caused by the fugal pathogen belonging to the genus Candida. The association of OC with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been known since the advent of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) pandemic. OC is one of the(More)
NF-kappaB is a pleiotropic transcription factor, which regulates osteoclast formation, function, and survival. The finding that the deletion of both NF-kappaB p50 and p52 subunits resulted in osteopetrosis due to the absence of osteoclasts was followed by the observation that NF-kappaB is essential for RANK-expressing osteoclast precursors to differentiate(More)
It has been reported that poor glycaemic control predisposes to oral candidal infection in diabetic patients. For instance, the carriage of Candida species and the density of candidal growth in the oral cavity is frequently claimed to be increased in patients with diabetes mellitus. However, the validity of these observations remains controversial. Hence,(More)
Confocal laser microscopy is a well-recognized research tool in the fields of biological and material science which enables high-resolution images of samples with minimum requirements for specimen preparation. Here we introduce an innovative technique for the 3-D description and measurement of resorption pits using Super Depth Surface Profile Measurement(More)
The alternative NF-kappaB pathway consists predominantly of NF-kappaB-inducing kinase (NIK), IkappaB kinase alpha (IKKalpha), p100/p52, and RelB. The hallmark of the alternative NF-kappaB signaling is the processing of p100 into p52 through NIK, thus allowing the binding of p52 and RelB. The physiologic relevance of alternative NF-kappaB activation in bone(More)
Osteoclasts are multinucleated cells of hematopoietic origin which are unique in their ability to resorb bone. Osteoclasts are generated from myeloid progenitors through a progression that involves the fusion of mononuclear precursor cells. The identification of RANK-RANKL signaling as the main signal regulating osteoclast differentiation was a major(More)
Bone resorption is an important cellular function in skeletal development and remodeling of the adult skeleton. Most of the pathological bone disease conditions like osteoporosis reflect increased osteoclast activity; hence, increased bone resorption. Researchers have unraveled most of the intracellular mechanisms responsible for osteoclast bone-resorbing(More)
The advent of the human immunodeficiency virus infection and the increasing prevalence of compromised individuals in the community due to modern therapeutic advances have resulted in a resurgence of opportunistic infections, including oral candidosis, which is by far the most common oral fungal infection in man. Broad-spectrum antibiotics used in the(More)
TNF-alpha is a major etiologic factor of inflammatory bone diseases such as periodontitis and rheumatoid arthritis. In addition, patients with metabolic diseases such as chronic heart disease and diabetes have significantly increased plasma levels of TNF-alpha. Several lines of evidence show inhibition of osteoblastogenesis by TNF-alpha in vitro. Therefore,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) is activated at sites of inflammation in many diseases, including periodontitis. Nuclear factor-κB induces the transcription of proinflammatory cytokines, resulting in increased osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption. Recently, it has been shown that the NF-κB alternative pathway is important for(More)