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A rapid antigen kit for the detection of the Mycoplasma pneumoniae ribosomal protein L7/L12 using an immunochromatographic assay, Ribotest Mycoplasma, became available in Japan in 2013. To determine the sensitivity of Ribotest compared with real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), we prospectively performed these two tests simultaneously in adolescent and(More)
Serum interleukin (IL)-18 level was thought to be a useful as a predictor of refractory or severe Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia, and steroid administration is reported to be effective in this situation. The serum levels of IL-18 correlated significantly with those of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). The purpose of this study was to set a standard for the(More)
Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA) is slowly progressive inflammatory pulmonary syndrome due to Aspergillus spp. The evidence regarding CPA treatment is limited. We conducted a randomized, multicenter, open-label trial comparing intravenous micafungin (MCFG) of 150-300 mg once daily with intravenous voriconazole (VRCZ) of 6 mg/kg twice on Day 1 followed(More)
We investigated differences in the clinical findings between 30 patients with macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia and 43 patients with macrolide-sensitive M. pneumoniae pneumonia in adolescents and adults. No differences in clinical presentation were observed between the two groups. Among patients with macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the response to the QuantiFERON-TB-2 Gold (QFT-2G) test (Cellestis Ltd; Carnegie, VIC, Australia) in elderly patients with active tuberculosis (TB) to determine whether the QFT-2G test might be a feasible method for diagnosing TB infection in this group of patients. METHODS The subjects were 30 elderly patients with active TB and 100(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical presentation of community-acquired Chlamydia pneumoniae pneumonia in adults. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Kawasaki Medical School Hospital, Kawasaki Medical School Kawasaki Hospital, and Kurashiki Daiichi Hospital in Japan. PARTICIPANTS Forty patients with community-acquired pneumonia with C pneumoniae(More)
Recent studies have suggested the superiority of concomitant over sequential administration of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Docetaxel and cisplatin have demonstrated efficacy in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study evaluated the safety, toxicity, and antitumour activity of docetaxel/cisplatin with concurrent thoracic radiotherapy for(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this phase I study was to determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) in elderly patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients aged over 75 years with previously untreated SCLC were enrolled in this study. Both topotecan and cisplatin were administered on days 1-3 and repeated every 3 weeks. The starting dose(More)
Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis generally occurs in immunocompromised hosts such as patients with leukemia, and other malignancies, who are receiving anti-cancer chemotherapy. In this report, two non-immunocompromised patients who developed invasive pulmonary aspergillosis are presented. Case 1: A 63-year-old man complained of productive cough and fever.(More)