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Genetic variation on the non-recombining portion of the Y chromosome contains information about the ancestry of male lineages. Because of their low rate of mutation, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the markers of choice for unambiguously classifying Y chromosomes into related sets of lineages known as haplogroups, which tend to show geographic(More)
Haplogroup H dominates present-day Western European mitochondrial DNA variability (>40%), yet was less common (~19%) among Early Neolithic farmers (~5450 BC) and virtually absent in Mesolithic hunter-gatherers. Here we investigate this major component of the maternal population history of modern Europeans and sequence 39 complete haplogroup H mitochondrial(More)
The search for a method that utilizes biological information to predict humans' place of origin has occupied scientists for millennia. Over the past four decades, scientists have employed genetic data in an effort to achieve this goal but with limited success. While biogeographical algorithms using next-generation sequencing data have achieved an accuracy(More)
The iPlant Collaborative is an NSF-funded cyberinfrastructure (CI) effort directed towards the plant sciences community. This paper enumerates the key concepts, middleware, tools, and extensions that create the unique capabilities of the iPlant Discovery Environment (DE) that provide access to our CI. The DE is a rich web-based application that brings(More)
Jetstream will be the first production cloud resource supporting general science and engineering research within the XD ecosystem. In this report we describe the motivation for proposing Jetstream, the configuration of the Jetstream system as funded by the NSF, the team that is implementing Jetstream, and the communities we expect to use this new system.(More)
The cloud platform complements traditional compute and storage infrastructures by introducing capabilities for efficiently provisioning resources in a self-service, on-demand manner. The new provisioning model promises to accelerate scientific discovery by improving access to customizable and task-specific computing resources. This paradigm is well-suited,(More)
Biological image databases have quickly replaced the personal media collections of individual scientists. Such databases permit objective comparisons, benchmarking, and data-driven science. As these collections have grown using advanced (and automated) imaging tools and microscopes, scientists need high-throughput large-scale statistical analysis of the(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES The Recaller app was developed to help individuals record their food intakes. This pilot study evaluated the usability of this new food picture application (app), which operates on a smartphone with an embedded camera and Internet capability. SUBJECTS/METHODS Adults aged 19 to 28 years (23 males and 22 females) were assigned to use(More)
Jetstream is a first-of-a-kind system for the NSF - a distributed production cloud resource. The NSF awarded funds to create Jetstream in November 2014. Here we review the purpose for creating Jetstream, present the acceptance test results that define Jetstream's key characteristics, describe our experiences in standing up an OpenStack-based cloud(More)