Niranjan B Murthy

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Organochlorine pesticide residues in sediment and fish samples collected from the east and west coasts of India are presented. HCH isomers and DDT and its metabolites are the predominantly identified compounds in most of the samples. Despite the higher quantity of consumption, HCH and DDT levels in fish in India were lower than those in temperate countries(More)
Degradation of 14C-DDT was studied in a marine ecosystem for 60 days and in marine sediments under moist and flooded conditions using a continuous flow system for a period of 130 days. 14C-DDT residues were recovered in sediments of the marine ecosystem at uniform level of 60-65% of the applied 14C-activity throughout the incubation period. DDD was a major(More)
Bioremediation of DDT in soil by genetically improved recombinants of the soil fungus Fusarium solani was studied. The parent strains were isolated from soil enriched with DDD or DDE (immediate anaerobic and aerobic degradation products of DDT), as further degradation of these products are slow processes compared to the parent compound. These naturally(More)
Trichoderma pseudokoningii MTCC 3011 is a very useful strain for biological control of the plant pathogen Sclerotium rolfsii under post-harvest conditions. In the present investigation, several benomyl-tolerant phenotypic mutants of this strain have been generated using a two step mutagenesis-chemical followed by gamma irradiation. The mutants differed from(More)
Eclampsia is one of the major causes of maternal and perinatal mortality. Perinatal outcome in eclampsia is dependent on predisposing risk factors like hypertension, proteinuria, number of convulsions, gestational age and also the type of eclampsia. Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia remain a major cause of maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality, contributing(More)
Degradation of 14C-chlorpyrifos was studied in a marine ecosystem for 60 days and in marine sediment under moist and flooded conditions using a continuous flow system allowing a total 14C-mass balance for a period of 40 days. In the marine ecosystem, 14C-chlorpyrifos underwent rapid degradation and very little (1-2%) 14C-residues of the applied activity(More)
Aerobic and anaerobic degradation of 14C-labeled pentachlorophenol (PCP) was examined in nitrogen aerated, moist Hagerstown silty clay loam with or without cellulose amendments. In anaerobic soil, PCP reduced soil respiration in the presence of cellulose; volatilization losses accounted for only 0.5% of the PCP added to soil; no 14CO2 was detected; and(More)
When exposed to the potent insecticide gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane or lindane, a Sphingomonas paucimobilis strain rapidly synthesized 7 novel polypeptides and concomitantly gained the ability to degrade lindane. Synthesis of these proteins was switched-off subsequent to the disappearance of lindane from the medium. Treatments which induced the synthesis of(More)
Hypertension is the most common disease and it markedly increases both morbidity and mortality from cardiovas-cular diseases. Subjects in the upper-normal range of arterial pressure are considered to have an excess cardiovascular risk and this risk doubles in a near linear fashion for each 20/10 mm Hg increment in blood pressure levels above 115/75 mm Hg.(More)