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We simulate nitrogen deposition over the US in 2006–2008 by using the GEOS-Chem global chemical transport model at 1/2×2/3 horizontal resolution over North America and adjacent oceans. US emissions of NOx and NH3 in the model are 6.7 and 2.9 Tg N a−1 respectively, including a 20 % natural contribution for each. Ammonia emissions are a factor of 3 lower in(More)
The efficient production of recombinant proteins by Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells in modern bioprocesses is often augmented by the use of proliferation control strategies. The most common method is to shift the culture temperature from 37 °C to 28-33 °C though genetic approaches to achieving the same effect are also of interest. In this work we used(More)
PURPOSE The first prospective randomized study to compare the safety and short-term efficacy of monopolar transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), bipolar TURP, and photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) using GreenLight high-performance system 120W laser in patients who presented with benign prostatic obstruction (BPO). PATIENTS AND(More)
PURPOSE A prospective, randomized comparison of shock wave lithotripsy, retrograde intrarenal surgery and miniperc for the treatment of 1 to 2 cm radiolucent lower calyceal renal calculi was done to evaluate the safety and efficacy of these procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients with a single 1 to 2 cm radiolucent lower calyceal renal stone who(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES The optimal management method of lower caliceal calculi is still undefined. We performed a prospective randomized comparison to evaluate safety and efficacy of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) and flexible ureteroscopy (RIRS) for lower caliceal calculus ≤2 cm. MATERIALS AND METHODS Between December 2011 and January 2012, 195 patients with(More)
In spite of the importance of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells for recombinant protein production, very little is known about the molecular and gene regulatory mechanisms that control cellular phenotypes such as enhanced growth under serum-free conditions or high productivity. Most microarray analyses to this purpose are performed with samples taken during(More)
An explicit proposal for experiments leading to abrupt transitions in spatially extended bacterial populations in a Petri dish is presented on the basis of an exact formula obtained through an analytic theory. The theory provides accurately the transition expressions despite the fact that the actual solutions, which involve strong nonlinearity, are(More)
¶Background. Radical excision of parenchymal brain tumours is generally associated with a better long-term outcome; however, it is difficult to ascertain the extent of resection at surgery. We used intra-operative ultrasound [IOUS] to help detect residual tumour and define the tumour-brain interface. Methods. Thirty-five patients with parenchymal brain(More)
Gene expression in individual cells is highly variable and sporadic, often resulting in the synthesis of mRNAs and proteins in bursts. Such bursting has important consequences for cell-fate decisions in diverse processes ranging from HIV-1 viral infections to stem-cell differentiation. It is generally assumed that bursts are geometrically distributed and(More)
We describe a single-level quantum dot in contact with two leads as a nanoscale finite-time thermodynamic machine. The dot is driven by an external stochastic force that switches its energy between two values. In the isothermal regime, it can operate as a rechargeable battery by generating an electric current against the applied bias in response to the(More)