Learn More
Translational fidelity, essential for protein and cell function, requires accurate transfer RNA (tRNA) aminoacylation. Purified aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases exhibit a fidelity of one error per 10,000 to 100,000 couplings. The accuracy of tRNA aminoacylation in vivo is uncertain, however, and might be considerably lower. Here we show that in mammalian cells,(More)
IFN-gamma-inducible protein 10 (IP-10) is a CXC chemokine that is thought to manifest a proinflammatory role because it stimulates the directional migration of activated T cells, particularly Th1 cells. It is an open question whether this chemokine is also directly involved in T cell polarization. We show here that during the course of adjuvant-induced(More)
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease of the CNS. The current study shows that even in an acute episode of disease the autoimmune response spreads from one determinant on myelin basic protein (MBP) to the other linked determinant and that this spread plays a functional role in the pathogenesis of disease.(More)
IFN-inducible protein 10 (IP-10) is a CXC chemokine that is thought to manifest a proinflammatory role because it stimulates the directional migration of activated T cells, particularly Th1 cells. It is an open question whether this chemokine is also directly involved in T cell polarization. We show here that during the course of adjuvant-induced arthritis(More)
The current study shows that functional polarization of Ag-specific CD4(+) Th2 cells entering the CNS during the accelerating phase of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis is flexible and dependent on the cytokine milieu there. Thus, targeted cell/gene therapy by Ag-specific T cells overexpressing IL-18 binding protein overrides this flexibility and(More)
IFN-gamma-inducible protein 10 (IP-10) is a CXC chemokine that stimulates the directional migration of activated T cells, particularly Th1 cells. We demonstrate in this work that during activation this chemokine drives naive CD4(+) T cells into Th1 polarization. Administration of plasmid DNA encoding self IP-10 was found capable of breaking down(More)
Exposure to high lethal dose of ionizing radiation results in acute radiation syndrome with deleterious systemic effects to different organs. A primary target is the highly sensitive bone marrow and the hematopoietic system. In the current study C3H/HeN mice were total body irradiated by 7.7 Gy. Twenty four hrs and 5 days after irradiation 2×10(6) cells(More)
Here, we examine tRNA-aminoacyl synthetase (ARS) localization in protein synthesis. Proteomics reveals that ten of the twenty cytosolic ARSs associate with ribosomes in sucrose gradients: phenylalanyl-RS (FRS), and the 9 ARSs that form the multi-ARS complex (MSC). Using the ribopuromycylation method (RPM) for localizing intracellular translation, we show(More)
There are no direct means to study class I MHC presentation in human normal or diseased cells. Using CMV-infected human cells and applying novel mAb that mimic T-cell receptor specificity directed toward the immunogenic epitope of the viral pp65 protein presented on HLA-A2 molecules, we directly imaged the dynamics of Ag presentation in infected cells. We(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells are potent candidates in stroke therapy due to their ability to secrete protective anti-inflammatory cytokines and growth factors. We investigated the neuroprotective effects of human placental mesenchymal-like adherent stromal cells (PLX) using an established ischemic model of nerve growth factor (NGF)-differentiated pheochromocytoma(More)