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1 We examined whether antidiabetic drug miglitol could reduce ischaemia/reperfusion-induced myocardial apoptosis by attenuating production. 2 Japanese white rabbits were subjected to 30-min coronary occlusion followed by 4-h reperfusion with miglitol (10 mg kg(-1), i.v., n=20) or saline (n=20). The infarct area was determined by myoglobin staining, and the(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated whether the improvement of cardiac function and remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) relates to acceleration of the healing process, in addition to myocardial regeneration. METHODS AND RESULTS In a 30-minute coronary occlusion and reperfusion rabbit model, saline (S) or 10(More)
Dihydropyridine Ca channel blockers are widely prescribed for the treatment of hypertension and coronary artery diseases, but it remains unknown whether these agents protect against arrhythmias. We investigated whether cilnidipine, an N+L-type Ca channel blocker, reduces the incidences of ventricular premature beats (VPBs) and, if so, via what mechanisms.(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is reported to protect the heart against ischemia-reperfusion injury. However, whether in vivo adenovirus-mediated HGF gene transfer before ischemia is protective against ischemia-reperfusion and its precise mechanisms are still unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS By using a rabbit model of ischemia-reperfusion injury,(More)
The present study used isolated rat hearts to investigate whether (1) Sheng-Mei-San (SMS), a traditional Chinese formulation comprising Radix Ginseng, Radix Ophiopogonis and Fructus Schisandrae, is protective against post-ischemic myocardial dysfunction, and (2) whether the cardioprotective effect of SMS is related to scavenging of hydroxyl radicals and(More)
To date, there are two pathways discussed as a mechanism of ischemic preconditioning. Activation of protein kinase C by ischemic preconditioning increases adenosine release. The increased adenosine further activates protein kinase C through adenosine A1 receptors, and activated protein kinase C induces an infarct size-reducing effect through the opening of(More)
Japanese white rabbits underwent 30 minutes of ischemia and 48 hours of reperfusion. Benidipine (3 or 10 microg/kg, i.v.) was administered 10 minutes before ischemia with and without pretreatment with L-NAME (10 mg/kg, i.v., a NOS inhibitor), chelerythrine (5 mg/kg, i.v., a PKC blocker) or 5-HD (5 mg/kg, i.v. a mitochondrial KATP channel blocker), genistein(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to clarify the relation between sarpogrelate (SG), a 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)-2 receptor blocker, and myocardial interstitial serotonin or infarct size during ischemia and reperfusion. BACKGROUND In cardiac tissues serotonin is rich in vascular platelets, mast cells, sympathetic nerve endings, and the receptors are present in(More)
Lindera strychnifolia (tendai-uyaku), a medicinal plant, has long been used for the treatment of cardiac, renal and rheumatic diseases in Japan. We aim to clarify (1) whether L. strychnifolia is protective against post-ischemic myocardial dysfunction, and (2) whether its effect is related to scavenging hydroxyl radicals and opening the mitochondrial KATP(More)
This study examined whether quinaprilat, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, reduces the infarct size, and investigated the mechanisms for its infarct size-reducing effect, in rabbits. Japanese white rabbits underwent 30 min of ischemia and 48 h of reperfusion. Quinaprilat (100 microg/kg/h or 300 microg/kg/h for 70 min, IV) was administered 20 min(More)