Ningning Gao

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Modern subunit vaccines with purified or recombinant antigens are important alternatives to the traditional vaccines. However, there remains a big challenge to elicit potent antibody production and CD8 T cell response. Nanoparticle-based antigen delivery systems have emerged as an innovative strategy to improve the efficacy of subunit vaccines. The present(More)
Although polysaccharide nanogels have emerged as a novel antigen delivery system for vaccine development, whether modulating the redox sensitivity of nanogels could improve vaccine efficacy remains unclear. In the present study, we generated bioreducible cationic alginate-polyethylenimine (PEI) nanogels as a novel vaccine delivery system. Briefly, nanogels(More)
Cancer vaccine-based immunotherapy is emerging as a novel therapeutic strategy for cancer treatment. However, its antitumor effect remains unsatisfied due to the poor immunogenicity of tumor antigens (Ags). Although polyriboinosinic: polyribocytidylic acid (PIC), a TLR3 agonist, has been reported as a promising adjuvant for cancer vaccines, its(More)
During the design and synthesis of a series of 8-hydroxy-2-(2-methoxyethoxy)-adenine derivatives bearing various substituted -RCOOH groups at the 9-position, we identified a TLR7-inert ligand, which does not activate TLR7 signaling pathway. Of interest, the coupling of weakly immunogenic antigens via the -RCOOH group was able to significantly enhance the(More)
Developing safe and effective nonviral gene vector is highly crucial for successful gene therapy. In the present study, we designed a series of biodegradable micelles based on hybrid polypeptide copolymers of poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(l-lysine)-b-poly(l-leucine) (PEG-PLL-PLLeu) for efficient gene delivery. A group of amphiphilic PEG-PLL-PLLeu hybrid(More)
PEGylation has been applied as an effective strategy of surface functionalization to improve the stability and reduce non-specific binding of quantum dots (QDs). However, its effects on the proinflammatory properties of QDs and the underlying mechanism have not been well elucidated yet. Herein, the proinflammatory effects of PEGylated CdSe/ZnS QDs with an(More)
Prolonged treatment of breast cancer with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) often results in acquired resistance and a narrow therapeutic index. One strategy to improve the therapeutic effects of EGFR TKIs is to combine them with drugs used for other clinical indications. Ethacrynic acid (EA) is an FDA approved drug(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) 7/8 are key targets in the design and development of small-molecule drugs serving as anticancer/antiviral agents and vaccine adjuvants. Clinical trials of imiquimod were discontinued owing to its serious adverse side effects. Herein we report the synthesis and biological evaluation of a series of(More)
Immunotherapy is emerging as a powerful and active tumor-specific approach against cancer via triggering the immune system. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are fundamental elements of the immune system, which facilitate our understanding of the innate and adaptive immune pathways. TLR agonists used as single agents can effectively eradicate tumors due to their(More)
In the synthesis and modification of the analogs of an adenine type of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 7 agonists, we found a special compound, 9-propionyloxy-8-hydroxy-2-(2-methoxyethoxy)-adenine (6). It is a synthesized TLR7 inert ligand, which does not respond to TLR7 itself. However, it can be coupled with protein or peptide antigens via propionyloxy(More)