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Histone methylation acts as an epigenetic regulator of chromatin activity through the modification of arginine and lysine residues on histones H3 and H4. In the case of lysine, this includes the formation of mono-, di-, or trimethyl groups, each of which is presumed to represent a distinct functional state at the cellular level. To examine the potential(More)
BACKGROUND Methylation of histone H4 on lysine 20 plays critical roles in chromatin structure and function via mono- (H4K20me1), di- (H4K20me2), and trimethyl (H4K20me3) derivatives. In previous analyses of histone methylation dynamics in mid-gestation mouse embryos, we documented marked changes in H4K20 methylation during cell differentiation. These(More)
We have examined the expression of TNF-α and its receptors, TNFR1 and TNFR2, during gastrulation in the chick embryo, and have investigated the possible role of this factor in the control of cell death at this early stage of development. TNF-α, immunoreactive at approximately 17 kD, was found both in vivo and in vitro, most intensely associated with the(More)
The transcription factor PAX3 is essential for myogenesis and neural crest development, and is one of several genes mutated in human Waardenburg syndrome. Analysis of disease-causing missense mutations in PAX3 has established the interdependence of its two DNA-binding domains, the paired domain (PD) and the homeodomain (HD), as well as defects in(More)
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