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The development of Schwann cells, the myelin-forming glial cells of the vertebrate peripheral nervous system, involves a neonatal phase of proliferation in which cells migrate along and segregate newly formed axons. Withdrawal from the cell cycle, around postnatal days 2-4 in rodents, initiates terminal differentiation to the myelinating state. During this(More)
Neu differentiation factor (NDF, also called heregulin) was isolated from mesenchymal cells on the basis of its ability to elevate phosphorylation of ErbB proteins. Earlier in situ hybridization analysis showed that NDF was transcribed predominantly in the central nervous system during embryonic development. To gain insights into the role of NDF in brain we(More)
Porins are trimeric channel-forming proteins of the outer membrane of Escherichia coli. Each subunit contains 16 beta-strands forming a transmembrane beta-barrel whose pore is constricted by the third extracellular loop (L3). We investigated the effects of site-directed mutations at two critical regions of the OmpC porin: (i) the D315A mutation targets a(More)
By use of the patch clamp technique, we have compared the electrophysiological signature of OmpC porin channels at neutral and acidic pH. The perfusion of pH 5.4 buffer to the periplasmic side of excised patches promoted the closure or block of approximately 20% of the open porins present in the patch without changes in their single channel conductance.(More)
Porins are trimers of beta-barrels that form channels for ions and other hydrophilic solutes in the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. The X-ray structures of OmpF and PhoE show that each monomeric pore is constricted by an extracellular loop that folds into the channel vestibule, a motif that is highly conserved among bacterial porins. Electrostatic(More)
Recent physiological studies in the kidney proposed the existence of a secondary feedback mechanism termed 'crosstalk' localized after the macula densa. This newly discovered crosstalk contact between the nephron tubule and its own afferent arteriole may potentially revolutionize our understanding of renal vascular resistance and electrolyte regulation.(More)
PURPOSE To mimic hypoxia preconditioning by a novel specific pyruvate treatment and to study its retinal protection against white light damage. METHODS Six-to-eight-week-old BALB/c mice were exposed to strong white light calculated to produce photoreceptor degeneration. Some were given injections of pyruvate in a preordained protocol because evidence(More)
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