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The application of the ideal binary mask to an auditory mixture has been shown to yield substantial improvements in intelligibility. This mask is commonly applied to the time-frequency (T-F) representation of a mixture signal and eliminates portions of a signal below a signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) threshold while allowing others to pass through intact. The(More)
Most binary-mask studies assume a fine time-frequency representation of the signal that may not be available in some applications (e.g., cochlear implants). This study assesses the effect of spectral resolution on intelligibility of ideal-binary masked speech. In Experiment 1, speech corrupted in noise at -5 to 5 dB signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) was filtered(More)
BACKGROUND Microbial lipid is a potential raw material for large-scale biodiesel production and lignocellulosic hydrolysate has been considered as promising low-cost substrate for lipid fermentation. Lignocellulosic biomass needs to be pretreated before enzymatic hydrolysis, and biocompatible cholinium ionic liquids (ILs) have been demonstrated to be highly(More)
The obstruent consonants (e.g., stops) are more susceptible to noise than vowels, raising the question whether the degradation of speech intelligibility in noise can be attributed, at least partially, to the loss of information carried by obstruent consonants. Experiment 1 assesses the contribution of obstruent consonants to speech recognition in noise by(More)
The idea that listeners are able to "glimpse" the target speech in the presence of competing noise has been supported by many studies, and is based on the assumption that listeners are able to glimpse pieces of the target speech occurring at different times and somehow patch them together to hear out the target speech. The factors influencing glimpsing in(More)
The benefits of combined electric and acoustic stimulation (EAS) in terms of speech recognition in noise are well established; however the underlying factors responsible for this benefit are not clear. The present study tests the hypothesis that having access to acoustic information in the low frequencies makes it easier for listeners to glimpse the target.(More)
A new noise reduction algorithm is proposed for cochlear implants that applies attenuation to the noisy envelopes inversely proportional to the estimated signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in each channel. The performance of the proposed noise reduction algorithm is evaluated with nine Clarion CII cochlear implant patients using IEEE sentences embedded in(More)
Cochlear-implant (CI) listeners generally perform better when listening to speech in steady-state noise than in fluctuating maskers, and the reasons for that are unclear. The present study presents a new hypothesis for the observed absence of release from masking. When listening to speech in fluctuating maskers (e.g., competing talkers), CI users cannot(More)
In the present study, we isolated three populations of Myxobolus ampullicapsulatus from the gills of crucian carp, Carassius auratus auratus, two from Yongchuan, Chongqing area and one from Poyang Lake, Jiangxi area, China, sequenced their complete small subunit ribosome RNA gene, analyzed their genetic distance and gene similarity, and explored their(More)
Cochlear implant (CI) users are unable to receive masking release and the reasons are unclear. The present study examines the hypothesis that when listening to speech in fluctuating maskers, CI users cannot fuse the pieces of the message over temporal gaps because they are not able to perceive reliably the information carried by obstruent consonants (e.g.,(More)