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Custom-designed nucleases (CDNs) greatly facilitate genetic engineering by generating a targeted DNA double-strand break (DSB) in the genome. Once a DSB is created, specific modifications can be introduced around the breakage site during its repair by two major DNA damage repair (DDR) mechanisms: the dominant but error-prone nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ)(More)
Schizophrenia is one of the most debilitating neuropsychiatric disorders, affecting 0.5-1.0% of the population worldwide. Its pathology, attributed to defects in synaptic transmission, remains elusive. The dystrobrevin-binding protein 1 (DTNBP1) gene, which encodes a coiled-coil protein, dysbindin, is a major susceptibility gene for schizophrenia. Our(More)
In order to isolate inulinase overproducers of the marine yeast Pichia guilliermondii, strain 1, cells were mutated by using UV light and LiCl(2). One mutant (M-30) with enhanced inulinase production was obtained. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to optimize the medium compositions and cultivation conditions for inulinase production by the mutant(More)
Anthocyanins are a group of flavonoid compounds. As a group of important secondary metabolites, they perform several key biological functions in plants. Anthocyanins also play beneficial health roles as potentially protective factors against cancer and heart disease. To elucidate the anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway in Brassica rapa, we conducted(More)
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) play an important role in folding, intracellular localization and degradation of cellular proteins. However, the cellular role of HSP27 is not completely understood. The conflicting results have been reported regarding stress-induced nuclear translocation of HSP27. In this study, human breast cancer cells transiently and stably(More)
A betA gene encoding choline dehydrogenase from Escherichia coli was transformed into cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Transgenic cotton plants exhibited improved tolerance to chilling due to accumulation of glycinebetaine (GB). The results of our experiment showed that GB contents of leaves of transgenic lines 1, 3,(More)
Combined use of microdissection and high-density oligonucleotide arrays is a powerful technique to study in vivo gene expression. Because microdissection generally yields ng quantities of RNA, RNA amplification is necessary but affects array results. We tested the reliability and reproducibility of oligonucleotide array data obtained from small sample(More)
We found that the marine yeast strain W14-3 isolated from seawater of China Eastern Sea could produce riboflavin. It is interesting to observe that the marine yeast strain produced a large amount of riboflavin in the medium containing xylose, sucrose, galactose and maltose under the conditions of vigorous shaking. The yeast strain was found to belong to(More)
Brassica species, including crops such as cabbage, turnip and oilseed, display enormous phenotypic variation. Brassica genomes have all undergone a whole-genome triplication (WGT) event with unknown effects on phenotype diversification. We resequenced 199 Brassica rapa and 119 Brassica oleracea accessions representing various morphotypes and identified(More)
Anthocyanins have several biological functions in plants and are beneficial to human health. To elucidate the metabolic profile of anthocyanins and determine the genetic basis controlling anthocyanin accumulation in zicaitai (Brassica rapa L. ssp. chinensis var. purpurea), we conducted anthocyanin profile characterization and quantitative trait locus (QTL)(More)