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BACKGROUND During a genetic study of autism, a female child who met diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder, but also exhibited the cognitive-behavioural profile (CBP) associated with Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) was examined. The WBS CBP includes impaired visuospatial ability, an overly friendly personality, excessive non-social anxiety and(More)
Dear Sir, An A to G transition mutation at nucleotide 3243 of the tRNALeU 0VR of the mitochondrial DNA (rot DNA), was recently reported in NIDDM patients characterized by maternal inheritance and associated deafness (MIDD) [1-2], with an estimated prevalence of 1-2 % [3 and unpublished results]. The same mutation is also found in the clinically different(More)
The generation of reprogrammed induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from patients with defined genetic disorders holds the promise of increased understanding of the aetiologies of complex diseases and may also facilitate the development of novel therapeutic interventions. We have generated iPSCs from patients with LEOPARD syndrome (an acronym formed from(More)
It has previously been shown that specific microdeletions and microduplications, many of which also associated with cognitive impairment (CI), can present with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) represents an efficient method to screen for such recurrent microdeletions and microduplications. In the(More)
The ability of neuroblastoma (NB) cells to interconvert bidirectionally, in vitro, from a neuroblast (N) to a nonneuronal (S) form is a well-studied biologic phenomenon of great clinical importance. Differences in the morphologic/ biochemical characteristics and gene expression patterns of the two cell populations have been investigated extensively in an(More)
PURPOSE To determine the sensitivity of whole-genome oligonucleotide array comparative genomic hybridization for the detection of mosaic cytogenetic abnormalities. METHODS Mosaicism sensitivity was evaluated by testing artificially derived whole chromosome and segmental aneuploidies ranging from 0% to 100% abnormal and additional naturally occurring(More)
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), as a new clinical test, is not presently standardized. For practical reasons, each laboratory must build its own criteria. In this work, we present our standardization criteria for clinical practice, which include not only the methods for cell fixation, specimen preparation, and hybridization conditions, but mainly(More)
Spectral karyotyping (SKY) is based on the simultaneous hybridization of a set of 24 chromosome-specific DNA painting probes, each labeled with a different fluor combination. Automatic classification, based on the measurement of the spectrum for each chromosome, was applied to metaphases obtained from the affected bone marrow of a neuroblastoma case.(More)
Spectral karyotyping (SKY) is a novel technique based on the simultaneous hybridization of 24 fluorescently labeled chromosome painting probes. It provides a valuable addition to the investigation of many tumors that can be difficult to define by conventional banding techniques. One such tumor is neuroblastoma, which is often characterized by poor(More)
A number of genetic mutations is associated with cardiomyopathies. A mutation in the coding region of the phospholamban (PLN) gene (R14del) is identified in families with hereditary heart failure. Heterozygous patients exhibit left ventricular dilation and ventricular arrhythmias. Here we generate induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from a patient(More)