Nina Weiler

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MRI with hyperpolarized helium-3 ((3)He) provides high-resolution imaging of ventilated airspaces. The first aim of this (3)He-study was to compare observations of localized signal defects in healthy smokers and non-smokers. A second aim was to describe relationships between parameters of lung function, volume of inspired (3)He and signal-to-noise ratio.(More)
A potential risk of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is incomplete mask seal, which causes air leakage or insufflation of air into the stomach. The objective of the present study was to assess respiratory mechanics, quantify air leakage, and measure gastric air insufflation in patients ventilated via the LMA. Thirty patients were studied after induction of(More)
Closed loop control of ventilation is traditionally based on end-tidal or mean expired CO2. The controlled variables are the respiratory rate RR and the tidal volume VT. Neither patient size or lung mechanics were considered in previous approaches. Also the modes were not suitable for spontaneously breathing subjects. This report presents a new approach to(More)
We applied a recently developed method of following the time course of the intrapulmonary oxygen partial pressure p(O2)(t) during apnea by (3)He MRI to healthy volunteers. Using two imaging series with different interscan times during two breathholds (double acquisition technique), relaxation of (3)He due to paramagnetic oxygen and depolarization by RF(More)
We used dynamic CT to identify two different time constants of lung aeration and their individual contribution to the total increase in cross-sectional lung area in healthy and experimentally damaged lungs. In five healthy pigs, inflation and deflation between 0 and 50 cm H2O was imposed during dynamic (250 ms/image) CT acquisition, and repeated after(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to evaluate the outcome of patients with abdominal, thoracic or vascular operations and long-term intensive care unit (ICU) treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS The present retrospective observational cohort study was performed at the authors' surgical ICU at the Marburg University Medical Centre. All patients who stayed at the ICU(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether individualized selection of double-lumen tubes or alternatives based on three-dimensional reconstruction of the tracheobronchial image from routine preoperative computed tomography (CT) scans leads to clinically appropriate choices. DESIGN Prospective observational study; comparison to historic controls. SETTING(More)
Cholangiocellular carcinoma (CCA) is a primary hepatic malignancy derived from cholangiocytes. The prognosis for CCA patients is very poor and conventional chemotherapy has been proven ineffective in improving long‑term patient survival rates. Organic cation transporters (OCTs) mediate the transport of a broad spectrum of endogenous substrates and the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE This prospective observational study analyses cardiovascular changes in adult patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) during transition from pressure-controlled ventilation to high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV), using transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) and invasive haemodynamic monitoring. METHODS(More)
We present a new method to determine in vivo the temporal evolution of intrapulmonary oxygen concentrations by functional lung imaging with hyperpolarized (3)Helium ((3)He-->). Single-breath, single-bolus visualization of (3)He--> administered to the airspaces is used to analyze nuclear spin relaxation caused by the local oxygen partial pressure p(O(2))(t).(More)