Nina Stachenfeld

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This Position Stand provides guidance on fluid replacement to sustain appropriate hydration of individuals performing physical activity. The goal of prehydrating is to start the activity euhydrated and with normal plasma electrolyte levels. Prehydrating with beverages, in addition to normal meals and fluid intake, should be initiated when needed at least(More)
To test the hypothesis that progestin-mediated increases in resting core temperature and the core temperature threshold for sweating onset are counteracted by estrogen, we studied eight women (24 +/- 2 yr) at 27 degrees C rest, during 20 min of passive heating (35 degrees C), and during 40 min of exercise at 35 degrees C. Subjects were tested four times,(More)
The relationship of 11 measures of trunk and lower limb flexibility to the economy of treadmill walking and jogging as measured by steady-state oxygen consumption (VO2) was studied. Subjects (38 women, 62 men, aged 20-62 years) were tested at six speeds between 53.6 and 187.7 m/min. By combining scores from all flexibility tests, and beginning at speeds of(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that training-related improvements in glucose and insulin responses to an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) are independent of changes in abdominal adiposity. DESIGN Adiposity and responses to an OGTT were measured before and after a 4-month randomized, controlled aerobic training program. SETTING An academic medical(More)
To assess the fluid regulatory responses in aging adults, we measured thirst perception and osmoregulation during and after infusion of hypertonic NaCl) saline in older (72 +/- 2 yr, n = 6) and younger (26 +/- n = 6) subjects. Hypertonic saline was infused at 0.1 for 120 min. On a separate day, the same subjects were infused identically with(More)
To test the hypothesis that progesterone, independent of estrogen, decreases the plasma osmotic threshold for arginine vasopressin (AVP) release and thirst onset, we compared AVP and thirst responses to hypertonic saline infusion (HSI) during administration of oral contraceptives (OCs) containing progesterone (OCP) with responses to infusion of OCs(More)
To determine if estrogen upregulates osmotic secretion of arginine vasopressin (AVP) and alters body water balance, we infused hypertonic (3% NaCl) saline in 6 women (68 +/- 3 yr) after 14 days of 17 beta-estradiol (transdermal patch, approximately 0.1 mg/day, E2) and placebo (control) administration. Hypertonic saline was infused at 0.1 for(More)
To determine sex differences in osmoregulation of arginine vasopressin (AVP) and body water, we studied eight men (24 +/- 1 yr) and eight women (29 +/- 2 yr) during 3% NaCl infusion [hypertonic saline infusion (HSI); 120 min, 0.1 ml. kg body wt(-1). min(-1)]. Subjects then drank 15 ml/kg body wt over 30 min followed by 60 min of rest. Women were studied in(More)
To evaluate criteria frequently used to designate an exercise test as maximal, 33 men and 18 women completed progressive incremental cycle ergometry to exhaustion with direct measurement of oxygen consumption (VO2). On a separate day, subjects exercised at 115% of the maximal work rate attained in the first test following a 5-minute warm-up. If VO2 exceeded(More)
To test the hypothesis that estrogen reduces the operating point for osmoregulation of arginine vasopressin (AVP), thirst, and body water balance, we studied nine women (25 +/- 1 yr) during 150 min of dehydrating exercise followed by 180 min of ad libitum rehydration. Subjects were tested six different times, during the early-follicular (twice) and(More)