Learn More
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to characterize the circuit of macroreentrant right atrial tachycardia (MacroAT) in patients after surgical repair of congenital heart disease (SR-CHD). METHODS AND RESULTS Sixteen patients with atrial tachycardia (AT) after SR-CHD were studied (atrial septal defect in 6, tetralogy of Fallot in 4, and Fontan(More)
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been the focus of much attention in human genetics because they are extremely abundant and well-suited for automated large-scale genotyping. Human SNPs, however, are less informative than other types of genetic markers (such as simple-sequence length polymorphisms or microsatellites) and thus more loci are(More)
Neural tube defects (NTD) are one of the most common birth defects and are caused by both environmental and genetic factors. The approach to identifying the genes predisposing to NTD, through linkage analysis and candidate gene analysis, is reviewed along with characteristics of a large, nationally ascertained cohort of families. Results from specific(More)
Cardiomyopathy is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Ventricular conduction delay, as shown by prolonged deflections in the electrocardiogram caused by delayed ventricular contraction (wide QRS complex), is a common feature of cardiomyopathy and is associated with a poor prognosis. Although the G(i)-signaling pathway is up-regulated in certain(More)
Frequency-domain photon migration (FDPM) is a non-invasive optical technique that utilizes intensity-modulated, near-infrared (NIR) light to quantitatively measure optical properties in thick tissues. Optical properties (absorption, mu(a), and scattering, mu(s)', parameters) derived from FDPM measurements can be used to construct low-resolution (0.5 to 1(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Near-infrared (NIR) diffuse optical spectroscopy and imaging may enhance existing technologies for breast cancer screening, diagnosis, and treatment. NIR techniques are based on sensitive, quantitative measurements of functional contrast between healthy and diseased tissue. In this study, the authors quantified the origins of this(More)
BACKGROUND Poor engraftment due to low cell doses restricts the usefulness of umbilical-cord-blood transplantation. We hypothesized that engraftment would be improved by transplanting cord blood that was expanded ex vivo with mesenchymal stromal cells. METHODS We studied engraftment results in 31 adults with hematologic cancers who received transplants of(More)
High-resolution microscopy in conjunction with colloidal gold-labeled insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) has been used to provide evidence that the IGF-I receptor is first detected in 8-cell-stage mouse embryos, confirming the results of previous reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) studies. Specificity for the IGF-I receptor was(More)
Contamination of twenty endoscopes used in patients with AIDS was assessed. The suction-biopsy, air, and water channels and the insertion tube were sampled after use, after washing in detergent, and after disinfection for 2 min in 2% alkaline glutaraldehyde. The polymerase chain reaction with Southern blotting, cell cultures, and antigen immunoassay were(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide insight into the experience of low-income immigrant Latino couples seeking infertility treatment. DESIGN Qualitative interview study. SETTING Infertility clinic at a university-affiliated urban public teaching hospital. PATIENT(S) Infertile low-income immigrant Latino couples (105 women and 40 men). INTERVENTION(S) In-depth,(More)