Nina Schooler

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OBJECTIVE Patients with schizophrenia frequently present with negative symptoms and cognitive impairments for which no effective treatments are known. Agents that act at the glycine site of the N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) glutamatergic receptor have been suggested as promising treatments for moderate to severe negative symptoms and cognitive(More)
OBJECTIVE Schizophrenia is associated with several chronic physical illnesses and a shorter life expectancy, compared with life expectancy in the general population. One approach to improving the health of patients with schizophrenia is to improve the monitoring of physical health that occurs in psychiatric settings. The authors discuss a consensus panel's(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests alterations in brain structure, especially in the prefrontal and temporal cortex, in schizophrenia. Previous studies examining the progression of brain structural alterations in schizophrenia have led to conflicting results. Morphometric studies of the superior temporal gyrus (STG) volumes were conducted in a series of(More)
OBJECTIVE Neurological abnormalities are frequently seen in patients with first-episode psychotic disorders but are generally considered to be diagnostically nonspecific, neurologically nonlocalizing, and, hence, "soft." This study examined the neuroanatomical correlates and diagnostic specificity of abnormal findings on the neurological examination in(More)
OBJECTIVES To review the evidence for the safety and efficacy of nonpharmacological and pharmacological treatments for aggression in children and adolescents. METHOD and searches (1990-present) were conducted for double-blind, placebo-controlled studies of atypical antipsychotics for aggression and for literature on the use of other pharmacological agents(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of modafinil on fatigue, symptoms, attention, working memory, and executive functioning in schizophrenia patients treated with psychotropic medications. METHOD Twenty-four patients with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (10 men and 14 women) were randomly assigned to modafinil up to 200 mg a(More)
Impaired insight is common in schizophrenia and may be related to poor treatment adherence. Few studies have examined the clinical and neurocognitive correlates of insight in early schizophrenia. Early course schizophrenia, schizoaffective, and schizophreniform disorder patients (n=535) were studied. The Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS) was used(More)
OBJECTIVE The first episode of psychotic illness is a key intervention point. The initial experience with medication can affect willingness to accept treatment. Further, relapse prevention is a treatment cornerstone during the first years of illness because active psychotic illness may affect lifetime outcomes. Thus, initial treatment of active symptoms and(More)
CONTEXT Cognitive impairment in schizophrenia is frequent, involves multiple domains, and is enduring. Numerous recent clinical trials have suggested that second-generation antipsychotic medications significantly enhance cognition in schizophrenia. However, none of these studies included healthy controls undergoing repeated testing to assess the possibility(More)