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This study demonstrates that acetaminophen (p-acetamidophenol) stimulates proliferation of estrogen-responsive cultured breast cancer cells and assesses if the proliferative activity of p-acetamidophenol is influenced by the -OH moiety position on the benzene ring. The effects of p-, m-, and o-acetamidophenol on cell number and on percentage cells in S(More)
Interferon lambda 4 (IFN-λ4) is a novel type-III interferon that can be generated only in individuals carrying a ΔG frame-shift allele of an exonic genetic variant (rs368234815-ΔG/TT). The rs368234815-ΔG allele is strongly associated with decreased clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Here, we further explored the biological function of IFN-λ4(More)
During a cholera epidemic in Truk (Micronesia), in a survey of 1 village, transmission of Vibrio cholerae O1 in the 28 households with illness appeared to be through food contaminated in the home. Households in which the index case was a foodhandler had significantly higher attack rates than households in which the index case was not a foodhandler. Members(More)
N,N',N''-triethylene thiophosphoramide (Thio-TEPA) is an alkylating agent whose antineoplastic activity has been known for nearly 30 years. Human plasma pharmacokinetic studies revealed the presence of TEPA, a Thio-TEPA metabolite which after 4 h achieved plasma concentrations equal to those of the parent compound. We studied the activity of both Thio-TEPA(More)
The reduction rates of five-membered pyrrolidine and pyrroline, and six-membered piperidine nitroxides (alternatively termed nitroxyls) containing various substituents were determined under homogeneous conditions using ascorbate, and electrochemically under heterogeneous conditions. The results were compared with data from the literature. It was shown that(More)
The specific activity and content of cytochrome oxidase in the rough endoplasmic reticulum--mitochondrion complex are higher than in the mitochondrial fraction. Radiolabelling studies with the use of hepatocytes and isolated microsomal and rough endoplasmic reticulum--mitochondrion fractions, followed by immunoprecipitation with anti-(cytochrome oxidase)(More)
The spin labeled nitrosoureas 7a-e and 12 were synthesized and evaluated in vivo for their anticancer activities against the murine lymphocytic leukemia P388. Compounds 7a-c, 7e and 12 possessed activities ranging from 31 to 542 percent increase in life span (%ILS), whereas compound 7d was marginal (%ILS = 21). All CD2F1 male mice treated with the most(More)
We tested the in vitro growth inhibitory activity of TEPA, and three analogs against P388 murine lymphocytic leukemia cells in culture. The analogs consist of spin-labeled TEPA and two reduced forms containing the NH and NOH groups instead of the nitroxyl function. Spin label TEPA was obtained by replacing one of the aziridine groups in TEPA with(More)
The use of nitroxides to measure intracellular phenomena, especially oxygen concentrations, is a new and potentially important approach to a number of physiological and pathophysiological studies. This study provides data indicating the feasibility of developing nitroxides that localize selectively in the intracellular compartment; it is based on the use of(More)