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Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations were performed in 15 patients with musculoskeletal neoplasms to assess the value of magnetization transfer contrast in tumor characterization. Multiplanar gradient-recalled echo sequences (TR 500-600/TE 15-20/flip angle 20–30°) were performed first without and then with magnetization transfer contrast generated(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Sonography, CT, and MR imaging are commonly used to screen for neonatal intracranial ischemia and hemorrhage, yet few studies have attempted to determine which imaging technique is best suited for this purpose. The goals of this study were to compare sonography with CT and MR imaging prospectively for the detection of intracranial(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate regional cerebral blood flow with power and pulsed wave Doppler ultrasound (US) in extremely low-birth-weight neonates with periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), germinal matrix hemorrhage (GMH), or both. MATERIALS AND METHODS The lenticulostriate arteries of 17 preterm neonates (birth weight < or = 1,100 g) were assessed daily with(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine whether recently described criteria, including hyperintense T2-weighted signal or other abnormalities revealed by MR imaging within deep fascial planes, are specific for necrotizing soft-tissue infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS We reviewed 22 MR imaging examinations that revealed abnormally high signal(More)
PURPOSE We assessed the utility of power Doppler imaging (PDI) in preoperative planning and postoperative evaluation of microvascular tissue transfers. METHODS Twenty-five PDI studies were performed on 23 patients using a 5-10-MHz linear-array transducer. Thirteen patients were assessed preoperatively for patency of the desired donor vessel; 8 of them had(More)
In the present study we examined asialo GM1 (AsGM1) expression and its function in alloreactive cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). We consistently found that the cytotoxic activity of bulk culture-derived allo-CTL was susceptible to the treatment of anti-AsGM1 (alpha AsGM1) plus complement. To further determine whether the expression of AsGM1 was maintained in(More)
The present study was undertaken to examine the differential expression of asialo GM1 (AsGM1) on the responding cells and effectors of alloreactive cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) and lymphokine-induced activated killers (LAK). It was found that AsGM1 was expressed on the 3-day-cultured LAK effectors. Its expression gradually disappeared to the extent that(More)
The cytotoxic activity of alloreactive cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) was maintained and augmented by transferring cells from a 5-day mixed lymphocyte culture MLC into a host culture (HC) containing indomethacin, freshly explanted normal spleen cells, and peritoneal cells which were syngeneic to the MLC cells. The MLC cells used in the transfer experiments(More)
This study demonstrated that T cell differentiation factor (TCDF) was produced in syngeneic lymphocyte-macrophage cultures. Conditioned medium containing TCDF and interleukin 2 (IL 2) induced the differentiation of leukoagglutinin (LA)-activated cytotoxic T lymphocyte precursors (CTLp) into cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) effectors. The production of TCDF and(More)
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