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Plant communities and underlying soils undergo substantial, coordinated shifts throughout ecosystem development. However, shifts in the composition and function of mycorrhizal fungi remain poorly understood, despite their role as a major interface between plants and soil. We synthesise evidence for shifts among mycorrhizal types (i.e., ectomycorrhizas,(More)
The concept that ectomycorrhizal plants have a particular foliar trait suite characterized by low foliar nutrients and high leaf mass per unit area (LMA) is widely accepted, but whether this trait suite can be generalized to all ectomycorrhizal clades is unclear. We identified 19 evolutionary clades of ectomycorrhizal plants and used a global leaf traits(More)
Recent studies showed that the coarse fraction of soils can have a considerable stock of short-term available nutrients. However, a direct proof that coarse soil fragments have significant nutritional functions in forest ecosystems is missing. In a 23 week microcosm experiment with controlled in- and output, mycorrhizal (Laccaria bicolor S238N) and(More)
In order to quantify the importance of ectomycorrhizal fungi on nutrient uptake from the coarse-soil fraction of a haplic Cambisol (alumic), a microcosm study that allowed for nutrient budgets was designed. Ectomycorrhizal- and fungicide-treated spruce seedlings were grown on isolated and cleaned gneiss fragments (6.3 mm > Ø > 2 mm) from 90 cm soil depth.(More)
The conquest of the land by plants, c. 470 million years ago, was made possible by the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis (Selosse et al., 2015). In fact, the evolution of that symbiosis was so successful that plant roots have to fit into an arbuscularmycorrhizal world. But that conclusion at the same time hides a paradox. If the arbuscular mycorrhizal(More)
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