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OBJECTIVE We explored cognitive impairment in metabolic syndrome in relation to brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We studied 819 participants free of clinical stroke and dementia of the population-based Austrian Stroke Prevention Study who had undergone brain MRI, neuropsychological testing, and a risk factor(More)
Despite extensive research over the last decades the clinical significance of white matter lesions (WMLs) is still a matter of debate. Here, we review current knowledge of the correlation between WMLs and cognitive functioning as well as their predictive value for future stroke, dementia, and functional decline in activities of daily living. There is clear(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnostic criteria separating vascular dementia from other dementias, particularly Alzheimer's disease (AD) neglect the real world in which most AD cases present with at least some vascular brain lesions. Most importantly, vascular lesions, even if subtle, exert significant effects on the patients' cognitive functioning if they coexist with AD(More)
BACKGROUND Quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) and R2* relaxation rate mapping have demonstrated increased iron deposition in the substantia nigra of patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the findings in other subcortical deep gray matter nuclei are converse and the sensitivity of QSM and R2* for morphological changes and their(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Magnetization transfer imaging detects cerebral microstructural tissue alterations. We examined the association between the Framingham Stroke Risk Profile (FSRP) score and magnetization transfer imaging (MTI) measures in pathological and normal appearing brain tissue in clinically normal elderly subjects to determine if stroke risk(More)
This is an uncopyedited electronic version of an article accepted for publication in Diabetes Care. The American Diabetes Association, publisher of Diabetes Care, is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it by third parties. The definitive publisher-authenticated version will be available(More)
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