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Strain Eri-1(T) was isolated from a water sample on the campus of Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan. The motility and morphology of the isolate were similar to those of members of the genus Leptospira, but the spiral structure of the isolate was sharper under dark-field microscopy. Cells were 10.6 ± 1.3 µm long and 0.2 µm in diameter, with a wavelength of(More)
Leptospirosis is a zoonosis caused by pathogenic Leptospira spp. Most of the outbreaks of leptospirosis occur after floods caused by heavy rain in countries where Leptospira spp. are endemic. It has been believed that the overflow of seawater rarely causes outbreaks of leptospirosis because the leptospires are killed by salt water. On 8 November 2013, a(More)
There have been few reports on the epidemiological analysis of environmental Leptospira isolates. This is probably because the isolation of leptospires from the environment was usually unsuccessful due to the overgrowth of contaminants and the slow growth of Leptospira. In this study, we collected a total of 88 samples of soil and water from three sites:(More)
Rats are known to be the most important reservoirs and transmission sources of leptospirosis. However, the status of leptospirosis in the Philippines regarding reservoirs and transmission remains unknown. A survey was conducted in Metro Manila and Laguna that analyzed samples obtained from 106 rats. Using the microscopic agglutination test, we found that(More)
The in vitro susceptibilities of 46 Leptospira isolates from rats to 14 antimicrobial agents were tested. All of the strains were found to be sensitive to ampicillin, cefotaxime, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, doxycycline, erythromycin, and streptomycin. In contrast, the tested isolates showed resistance to amphotericin B, 5-fluorouracil, fosfomycin,(More)
Leptospirosis is a zoonotic infection that is caused by the pathogenic species of Leptospira. Rats are the most important reservoirs of these organisms. Our study aimed to characterize Leptospira isolates from humans and rats and elucidate the Leptospira-rat-human relationship in Luzon, Philippines. Forty strains were isolated from humans and rats. The(More)
Thiomersal has been used as preservative in multi-dose vials of hepatitis B vaccine (Engerix-B). Due to safety concerns, thiomersal was replaced with 2-phenoxyethanol (2PE) as preservative in multi-dose vials. The potency of 2PE preserved hepatitis B vaccine multiple use vials was measured over the shelf-life in terms of immunogenicity, reactogenicity and(More)
Leptospirosis is an infectious disease caused by the spirochete bacteria Leptospira spp. and is commonly found throughout the world. Diagnosis of leptospirosis performed by culture and microscopic agglutination tests is laborious and time-consuming. Therefore, we aimed to develop a novel immunochromatography (ICG)-based method for detecting Leptospira(More)
Water buffalo is an indispensable livestock in the Philippines. Leptospirosis is a serious zoonosis that can be fatal to humans and cause reproductive problems in livestock. Leptospirosis has been reported in some countries where water buffaloes are commercially raised, highlighting the Leptospira prevalence in this farming system, but information on(More)
A novel combination of antimicrobial agents (sulfamethoxazole, 40 μg/mL; trimethoprim, 20 μg/mL; amphotericin B, 5 μg/mL; fosfomycin, 400 μg/mL; and 5-fluorouracil, 100 μg/mL) was developed for selective isolation of leptospires from contaminated samples. The growth of 16 microorganisms considered as possible contaminants during isolation of Leptospira were(More)