Nina E Chepurnova

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The basics of neurophysiological, neurochemical and molecular mechanisms of epileptogenesis in early ontogeny are discussed. The role of developmental neuropathology, synaptogenesis; the role of glutamatergic and GABA-ergic transmitter systems are summarized. The candidates of genes in the childhood epilepsies, developmental changes in the expression of(More)
The susceptibility to pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-induced seizures during postnatal ontogeny [postnatal day (PN) 10-220] was investigated in two rat strains. The WAG/Rij strain, genetically prone for developing generalized absence epilepsy, and Wistar rats were tested and compared at PN 10, 26, 30, 70, 90, 125, and 220 on the PTZ-convulsive threshold. A(More)
Spontaneously occurring spike-wave discharges (SWDs) and serum concentrations of ovarian steroid hormones were investigated before, during and after pregnancy in WAG/Rij rats, a rat strain with genetically determined absence seizures. Eight groups of rats were included in the assays of progesterone and estradiol: rats at diestrus, at various days of(More)
This report addresses the verification of the hypothesis that arginine-vasopressin affects the formation of hyperthermia-evoked convulsions in early ontogenesis in rats on days 3, 5, 7, and 9 of postnatal life. The modification of experimental febrile convulsions by PACAP (pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide) was investigated; PACAP is a(More)
The role of cholinergic nucleus basalis (of Meynert) and the reticular thalamic nucleus in mechanisms of the generation spontaneous spike-and-wave discharges (SWDs) was investigated in the WAG/Rij rat model of absence epilepsy. Selective lesions were affected by local unilateral intraparenchymal infusions of immunotoxin 192 IgG-saporin and cholinotoxin(More)
According to the focal cortical theory of absence epilepsy, spike-and-wave discharges (SWDs) have a cortical focal origin in the perioral region of the somatosensory cortex in rats. In the present study the role of peripheral afferents of the perioral (snout) region in the occurrence of spontaneous SWDs was investigated in the WAG/Rij (Wistar Albino Glaxo(More)
Behavior of nonlinear rats and animals from Wistar and WAG/Rij (with inborn generalized absence epilepsy) strains was examined in the elevated plus-maze and the hole board. WAG/Rij rats demonstrated low exploratory behavior in both tests. In the elevated plus-maze, WAG/Rij rats were more balanced and more anxious than Wistar and nonlinear rats.(More)