Nina C Gonnella

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Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of zinc-containing enzymes involved in the degradation and remodeling of extracellular matrix proteins. The activities of these enzymes are well regulated by endogenous tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). Chronic stimulation of MMP activities due to an imbalance in the levels of MMPs and TIMPs has(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of zinc-containing enzymes involved in the degradation and remodeling of extracellular matrix proteins. Under normal physiological conditions, the activities of these enzymes are well-regulated by endogenous tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). Chronic stimulation of MMP activities due to an(More)
It has been reported previously that saturated terbutaline sulfate in aqueous isopropanol significantly enhances the terbutaline flux through human skin in vitro. This paper demonstrates that the effect of isopropanol on the permeant species in the formulation contributes to the flux enhancement. This demonstration is based on studies involving measurements(More)
Faldaprevir is a hepatitis C virus protease inhibitor that effectively reduces viral load in patients. Since faldaprevir exhibits slow metabolism in vitro and low clearance in vivo, metabolism was expected to be a minor clearance pathway. The human [(14)C] absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion study revealed that two monohydroxylated(More)
UNLABELLED The structural analysis (i.e., identification) of organic chemical entities leached into drug product formulations has traditionally been accomplished with techniques involving the combination of chromatography with mass spectrometry. These include gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) for volatile and semi-volatile compounds, and various(More)
Over the past 10 years, major improvements in the performance of LC-NMR have been realized. The addition of postcolumn SPE, advances in probe technology including cryogenic probes and microcoil probes, improved solvent suppression pulse sequences, and shielded magnets with better homogeneity have all contributed to rapid advancements in this technology.(More)
Phosphine boranes have been found to hydrophosphinate internal, unactivated alkynes at room temperature under basic conditions without the need for catalysts or radical initiators. The use of air-sensitive secondary phosphines is avoided in this facile process. Broad scope in both the phosphine borane and alkyne partners leads to excellent diversity in the(More)
The three-dimensional solution conformation of teicoplanin aglycone was determined using NMR spectroscopy. A combination of NOE and dihedral angle restraints in a DMSO solvation model was used to calculate an ensemble of structures having a root mean square deviation of 0.17 Å. The structures were generated using systematic searches of conformational space(More)
Air-stable P-chiral dihydrobenzooxaphosphole oxazoline ligands were designed and synthesized. When they were used in the iridium-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of unfunctionalized 1-aryl-3,4-dihydronaphthalenes under one atmosphere pressure of H2 , up to 99:1 e.r. was obtained. High enantioselectivities were also observed in the reduction of the(More)
The development of a large scale synthesis of the glucocorticoid agonist BI 653048 BS H3PO4 (1·H3PO4) is presented. A key trifluoromethyl ketone intermediate 22 containing an N-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethyl amide was prepared by an enolization/bromine-magnesium exchange/electrophile trapping reaction. A nonselective propargylation of trifluoromethyl ketone 22 gave(More)