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The effects of systemic administration of fluvoxamine on extracellular serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) concentrations in the frontal cortex and raphe nuclei of freely moving rats were examined. Fluvoxamine significantly increased extracellular 5-HT concentrations in both regions at the two doses used (1 and 10(More)
In microdialysis studies, somatodendritic 5-HT1A receptors in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) were activated by the local infusion of 50 microM citalopram, a selective 5-HT reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). This reduced extracellular 5-HT by about 50% in dorsal striatum, an area receiving 5-HT afferents exclusively from the DRN. (-)Pindolol dose-dependently(More)
The administration of tryptophan (Trp)-free amino acid mixtures to depressed patients responding to serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)] uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) worsens their clinical state. This procedure reduces Trp availability to brain and thus impairs 5-HT synthesis. We have examined the influence of Trp depletion on extracellular 5-HT and(More)
The relationship between peripheral serotonergic variables, melancholic traits, and clinical improvement after antidepressant treatment was examined in 83 drug-free major depressive patients. Plasma serotonin (5-HT) concentrations was lower in untreated melancholic patients (1.00 +/- 0.11 vs. 1.84 +/- 0.28 ng/mL, p < 0.008; N = 40 and 43, respectively). A(More)
We examined the relationship between the density of serotonergic (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) uptake sites and extracellular 5-HT concentration in the rat brain using microdialysis with two different models, lesions with 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (50 microg in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) 15 days before) and sublines of rats genetically selected displaying(More)
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) reduce the 5-HT release in vivo. This effect is due to the activation of somatodendritic 5-HT1A receptors and it displays a regional pattern comparable to that of selective 5-HT1A agonists, i.e., preferentially in forebrain areas innervated by the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN). However, despite a comparatively(More)
The effects of the blockade of serotonin (5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) transporters on extracellular 5-HT (5-HText) have been examined using in vivo microdialysis in conscious rats. Locally infused, imipramine increased 5-HText dose-dependently in raphe nuclei and frontal cortex. The potency was identical (ED50 11 microM), although greater elevations were(More)
We have used intracerebral microdialysis to examine the reversibility of the action of brofaromine, a selective inhibitor of monoamine oxidase-A (MAO, E.C., on 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) output in rat frontal cortex. Brofaromine significantly increased the 5-HT output to about 200% of basal values 4 h after(More)