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During male gametogenesis, a developmentally regulated and cell type-specific transcriptional programme is activated in primary spermatocytes to prepare for differentiation of sperm. The Drosophila aly-class meiotic-arrest loci (aly, comr, achi/vis and topi) are essential for activation of transcription of many differentiation-specific genes, and several… (More)
JAK-STAT signaling is a highly conserved regulator of stem cells and their niches. Aberrant activation in hematopoietic stem cells is the underlying cause of a majority of myeloproliferative diseases. This review will focus on the roles of JAK-STAT activity in three different adult stem cell systems in Drosophila. Tightly controlled levels of JAK-STAT… (More)
Appropriate regulation of signal transduction pathways is essential for normal development and is often disrupted in disease. Therefore, many regulatory mechanisms and feedback loops have evolved to ensure appropriate signalling. One mechanism previously suggested to modulate a range of signal transduction pathways involves the internalisation and… (More)
The conservation of signaling cascades between humans and Drosophila, over more than 500 million years of evolutionary time, means that the genetic tractability of the fly can be used to its full advantage to understand the functional requirements for JAK-STAT pathway signaling across species. Here we review the background to how the pathway was first… (More)
Sexual reproduction depends on the production of haploid gametes, and their fusion to form diploid zygotes. Here, we discuss sperm production and function in a molecular and functional evolutionary context, drawing predominantly from studies in model organisms (mice, Drosophila, Caenorhabditis elegans). We consider the mechanisms involved in establishing… (More)
JAK/STAT signalling regulates many essential developmental processes including cell proliferation and haematopoiesis, whereas its inappropriate activation is associated with the majority of myeloproliferative neoplasias and numerous cancers. Furthermore, high levels of JAK/STAT pathway signalling have also been associated with enhanced metastatic invasion… (More)
What does it take to make a heart? Even in the fruit fly, in which matters of the heart don't extend to either pop music or pulp fiction, making a heart requires big decisions and processes of surprising complexity.