Learn More
Envelope-associated nucleoids have been isolated from Caulobacter crescentus by using a modification of the procedure of T. Kornberg et al. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 71:3189-3193, 1974). The development of a Ludox density gradient procedure has permitted preparation of large quantities of synchronous cells. The sedimentation coefficients of the(More)
We present the diploid genome sequence of the fungal pathogen Candida albicans. Because C. albicans has no known haploid or homozygous form, sequencing was performed as a whole-genome shotgun of the heterozygous diploid genome in strain SC5314, a clinical isolate that is the parent of strains widely used for molecular analysis. We developed computational(More)
Phase and antigenic variation are mechanisms used by microbial pathogens to stochastically change their cell surface composition. A related property, referred to as phenotypic switching, has been described for some pathogenic fungi. This phenomenon is best studied in Candida albicans, where switch phenotypes vary in morphology, physiology, and pathogenicity(More)
For the pathogenic yeast Candida albicans, secreted aspartyl proteinase (Sap) activity has been correlated with virulence. A family consisting of at least eight SAP genes can be drawn upon to produce Sap enzymatic activity. In this study, the levels of Sap1, Sap2, and Sap3 isoenzymes were monitored under a variety of growth conditions for several strains,(More)
Secreted aspartyl proteinases are putative virulence factors in Candida infections. Candida albicans possesses at least nine members of a SAP gene family, all of which have been sequenced. Although the expression of the SAP genes has been extensively characterized under laboratory growth conditions, no studies have analyzed in detail the in vivo expression(More)
We have developed a PCR assay for one-step differentiation of the three complexes of New World Leishmania (Leishmania braziliensis, Leishmania mexicana, and Leishmania donovani). This multiplex assay is targeted to the spliced leader RNA (mini-exon) gene repeats of these organisms and can detect all three complexes simultaneously, generating differently(More)
Candida albicans is a diploid fungus that has become a medically important opportunistic pathogen in immunocompromised individuals. We have sequenced the C. albicans genome to 10.4-fold coverage and performed a comparative genomic analysis between C. albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae with the objective of assessing whether Candida possesses a genetic(More)
The secreted aspartyl proteinases of Candida albicans (products of the SAP genes) are thought to contribute to virulence through their effects on Candida adherence, invasion, and pathogenicity. From a single strain of C. albicans (WO-1) which expresses a phenotypic switching system, three secreted aspartyl proteinases have been identified as determined by(More)
The in vivo expression of Candida albicans secreted aspartyl proteinase (SAP1-SAP8) and phospholipase B (PLB1 and PLB2) genes was analyzed in 137 human subjects with oral and vaginal candidiasis or carriage. Total RNA was isolated from whole unstimulated saliva or vaginal swabs, and the expression of SAP1-8 and PLB1-2 was evaluated by reverse-transcriptase(More)
Iron, an essential element for almost every organism, serves as a regulatory signal for the expression of virulence determinants in many prokaryotic and eukaryotic pathogens. Using a custom Affymetrix GeneChip representing the entire Candida albicans genome, we examined the changes in genome-wide gene expression in this opportunistic pathogen as a function(More)