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Envelope-associated nucleoids have been isolated from Caulobacter crescentus by using a modification of the procedure of T. Kornberg et al. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 71:3189-3193, 1974). The development of a Ludox density gradient procedure has permitted preparation of large quantities of synchronous cells. The sedimentation coefficients of the(More)
Shape changes, extended processes, and other surface elaborations are associated with cellular differentiation, and the cell membranes involved with these developmental changes often are reshaped without a major alteration in biochemical composition. Caulobacter crescentus produces a hexagonally-packed periodic surface layer that covers the entire cell and(More)
Molecular processes which promote the spatial localization of subcellular components are fundamental to cell development and differentiation. At various stages in development unequal segregation of molecular information must occur to result in the differentiated characteristics which distinguish cell progeny. Biological attributes of the dimorphic(More)
We have analyzed antigenic variants with a known lineage and show that there are several telomeres on which variant surface glycoprotein (VSG) genes can be expressed. These telomeres have similar restriction maps 5' to the barren region. In addition, the same VSG gene was expressed on different telomeres. Some antigenic switches in the lineage were(More)
Recent sequencing and assembly of the genome for the fungal pathogen Candida albicans used simple automated procedures for the identification of putative genes. We have reviewed the entire assembly, both by hand and with additional bioinformatic resources, to accurately map and describe 6,354 genes and to identify 246 genes whose original database entries(More)
We have examined the organization of genomic sequences homologous to the spliced leader of Trypanosoma brucei variant surface glycoprotein (VSG) mRNA, using a synthetic oligodeoxynucleotide probe. These sequences are highly reiterated in the trypanosome genome and most are located in 1.4 kb units arranged in a direct tandem repeat. However, some of the 1.4(More)
We present evidence that addition of the 35 nucleotide spliced leader (SL) to the 5' end of T. brucei mRNAs occurs via trans RNA splicing. A 100 nucleotide fragment of the 135 base SL RNA (100-mer) is revealed by S1 nuclease analysis of total and poly(A)+ RNA. This 100-mer is not detected by Northern hybridization analysis, indicating that it does not exist(More)
A 70,000 mol wt protein of Schistosoma mansoni was shown to be a major immunogen that invariably elicited an antibody response in infected humans. The universality of the response to this abundant antigen was confirmed in experimental animals and included the antibody response associated with the protective irradiated cercarial vaccine. We identified the(More)
A 5'-terminal leader sequence of 35 nucleotides was found to be present on multiple trypanosome RNAs. Based on its representation in cDNA libraries, we estimate that many, if not all, trypanosome mRNAs contain this leader. This same leader was originally identified on mRNAs encoding the molecules responsible for antigenic variation, variant surface(More)