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The fecundity-advantage hypothesis (FAH) explains larger female size relative to male size as a correlated response to fecundity selection. We explored FAH by investigating geographic variation in female reproductive output and its relation to sexual size dimorphism (SSD) in Lacerta agilis, an oviparous lizard occupying a major part of temperate Eurasia. We(More)
We assessed the phylogeographic pattern of Siberian salamander (Salamandrella keyserlingii, Dybowski, 1870), which appear to be the most northern ectothermic, terrestrial vertebrate in Northern Eurasia, by sequence analysis of a 611-bp fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene in 159 specimens from different localities (Khabarovsk region, Sakhalin,(More)
The European common lizard, Zootoca vivipara, is the most widespread terrestrial reptile in the world. It occupies almost the entire Northern Eurasia and includes four viviparous and two oviparous lineages. We analysed how female snout-vent length (SVL), clutch size (CS), hatchling mass (HM), and relative clutch mass (RCM) is associated with the(More)
The adaptations which allowed the Siberian salamander (Salamandrella keyserlingii Dybowski, 1870) to form its exceptionally large, polyzonal range (forest-steppe, forests, and southern tundras of Siberia and part of European Russia) remain insufficiently studied. We checked the hypothesis that S. keyserlingii was able to colonize the northern territories,(More)
The common lizard Zootoca vivipara has the largest range of all the terrestrial reptiles which includes the subarctic regions of the Palaearctic. The species provides a unique model for studying the strategies of adaptation of a reptile to extreme low winter temperatures. The aim of our research was to determine whether this species survives the severe(More)
The Japanese tree frog, a representative of the Manchurian fauna, is characterized by an outstanding cold resistance among the anuran amphibian species studied so far. Almost 70% of the specimens from the population inhabiting the middle Amur River withstand the cooling down to–30°C; some animals, down to–35°C. This exceeds more than twofold the cold(More)
Earthworms are a widespread and ecologically important group of animals, which has the highest total biomass in some ecosystems and often defines the composition of soil fauna. Earthworms are known to have high cryptic genetic diversity. In this study we attempted to estimate earthworm species diversity in the south of West Siberia by DNA barcoding. This(More)
The reproductive system of 319 individuals of the Schrenckii salamander (Salamandrella schrenckii Strauch 1870) (synonym S. tridactyla sensu (Kuz’min et al., 2008) from a Khabarovsk population has been studied before wintering and during the spawning of animals. In the fall, all adult males had enlarged testes filled with bundles of spermatozoa and no(More)
Frozen Siberian salamander safely tolerates long (45 days) stay at–35°C. Short-term (3 days) cooling down to–50°C was tolerable for 40% of adult individuals; down to–55°C, for 80% of the underyearlings. Generally, the salamanders lose about 28% of the body mass during the pre-hibernating period (before winter, at temperatures as low as 0°C) and during the(More)
A hypothesis of range formation of the earthworm Eisenia sibirica Perel et Graphodatsky 1984, which is an endemic species of the Altai–Sayan mountain system and is also found on the adjacent plains of Siberia across the valleys of the rivers, is suggested. The limited distribution of the species can be connected with the insufficient cold hardiness of the(More)