Nimal Senanayake

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In parts of the developing world, pesticide poisoning causes more deaths than infectious diseases. Use of pesticides is poorly regulated and often dangerous; their easy availability also makes them a popular method of self-harm. In 1985, the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) produced a voluntary code of conduct for the pesticide industry in an(More)
Organophosphorus insecticides (OPI) are the commonest cause of poisoning in Sri Lanka. Being inhibitors of esterases, OPI cause an acute cholinergic crisis as the initial phase of neurotoxicity. The intermediate syndrome (IMS) which develops 24 to 96 hours after poisoning, and the delayed polyneuropathy (OPIDP) which manifests several weeks later, suggest a(More)
Acute organophosphorus (OP) poisoning is usually treated with atropine plus cholinesterase reactivators such as oximes, but controlled trials to assess the efficacy of oximes in OP poisoning have not been done. A period when the acetyl cholinesterase reactivator pralidoxime chloride was not available in Sri Lanka gave us the opportunity to compare atropine(More)
Acute neurotoxic effects during the cholinergic phase of organophosphorus insecticide poisoning and delayed neurotoxic effects appearing two to three weeks later are well recognized. We observed 10 patients who had paralysis of proximal limb muscles, neck flexors, motor cranial nerves, and respiratory muscles 24 to 96 hours after poisoning, after a(More)
Reflex epilepsy (RE) is characterised by seizures that are regularly elicited by some specific stimulus or event mediated by neural pathways. In a prospective study of 1287 epileptic patients seen at Peradeniya, 223 (17.3%) were found to have RE, eating being the commonest stimulus (191 patients, 85.7%). Photosensitive epilepsy (PSE) was relatively rare.(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the efficacy of continuous infusion of hydrocortisone with or without chlorpheniramine bolus against early adverse reactions to polyspecific antivenom. DESIGN AND SETTING Prospective, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial at General Hospital, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. SUBJECTS 52 patients with snake envenoming were(More)
We report the clinical features of 74 patients with delayed cerebellar ataxia (DCA) following falciparum malaria, who were prospectively followed up at two centres. This unusual complication has an acute onset, with signs suggesting a predominantly midline cerebellar lesion without any evidence of cerebral involvement. There was a delay of a median 13 days(More)
Epilepsy is an important health problem in developing countries, where its prevalence can be up to 57 per 1000 population. This article reviews the epidemiology of epilepsy in developing countries in terms of its incidence, prevalence, seizure type, mortality data, and etiological factors. The prevalence of epilepsy is particularly high in Latin America and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine prolonged effects of organophosphorus (OP) insecticide poisoning on cognitive event-related potentials (ERPs). METHODS ERPs of a group of 32 patients recovered from cholinergic phase of OP insecticide poisoning were compared with those of two matched control groups: 32 healthy volunteers and nine patients hospitalised with(More)