Nilusha Ragunathan

Learn More
Arylamine N-acetyltransferase 1 (NAT1) is a phase II xenobiotic-metabolizing enzyme that plays an important role in the biotransformation of aromatic drugs and carcinogens. NAT1 activity has long been associated with susceptibility to various cancers. Evidence for a role of NAT1 in malignant progression has also been obtained, particularly for breast and(More)
Bronchial epithelial cells express xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes (XMEs) that are involved in the biotransformation of inhaled toxic compounds. The activities of these XMEs in the lung may modulate respiratory toxicity and have been linked to several diseases of the airways. Arylamine N-acetyltransferases (NAT) are conjugating XMEs that play a key role in(More)
BACKGROUND Cadmium (Cd) is a carcinogenic heavy metal of environmental concern. Exposure to both Cd and carcinogenic organic compounds, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons or aromatic amines (AAs), is a common environmental problem. Human arylamine N-acetyltransferases (NATs) are xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes that play a key role in the(More)
Vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) spectra of the antisymmetric stretch of azide ligated to the heme of a series of evolutionarily diverse and site-directed mutant hemoglobins and myoglobins are anomalously intense and demonstrate an intriguing sensitivity to subtle protein-ligand interactions. The antisymmetric stretch of the azide ligand covalently(More)
Human arylamine N-acetyltransferase 1 (NAT1) is a xenobiotic-metabolizing enzyme that biotransforms aromatic amine chemicals. We show here that biologically-relevant concentrations of inorganic (Hg2+) and organic (CH3Hg+) mercury inhibit the biotransformation functions of NAT1. Both compounds react irreversibly with the active-site cysteine of NAT1(More)
Disulfiram has been used for decades to treat alcoholism. Its therapeutic effect is thought to be mediated by the irreversible inhibition of aldehyde dehydrogenase. Recent reports have indicated new therapeutic uses of disulfiram, in particular in human cancers. Although the biochemical mechanisms that underlie these effects remain largely unknown, certain(More)
Human arylamine N-acetyltransferase 1 (NAT1) is a phase II xenobiotic-metabolizing enzyme (XME) involved in the biotransformation of many aromatic amines and heterocyclic amines. This XME is known to play important roles in both the detoxication and/or bioactivation of numerous drugs and carcinogens. NAT1 is a polymorphic enzyme with a large tissue(More)
The arylamine N-acetyltransferase (NAT) enzymes are xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes that have been found in a large range of eukaryotes and prokaryotes. These enzymes catalyse the acetylation of arylamine drugs and/or pollutants. Recently, a Bacillus anthracis NAT isoform (BanatC) has been cloned and shown to acetylate the sulfonamide antimicrobial(More)
  • 1