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BACKGROUND Semitendinosus and gracilis muscles are frequently harvested for autologous tendon grafts for cruciate ligament reconstruction. This study investigated the joint-stabilizing effects of these hamstring muscles in cases of insufficiency of the medial collateral ligament (MCL). HYPOTHESES First, both the semitendinosus and gracilis muscles can(More)
The eTelligence project explores and demonstrates various smart energy grid ideas by using modern ICT (information and communications technology). For this purpose, many new and heterogeneous types of smart grid systems have to be developed and integrated, such as a regional energy market, distributed energy management systems, and an advanced metering(More)
PURPOSE To determine the static stabilizing effects of different anatomical structures of the posterolateral corner (PLC) of the knee in the lateral collateral ligament (LCL)-intact state. METHODS Thirteen fresh-frozen human cadaveric knees were dissected and tested using an industrial robot with an optical tracking system. Kinematics were determined for(More)
Sensor and actor population within future smart distribution grids is much denser than within transmission grids. Thereby, future grid management systems have to cope with larger amounts of data than today's grid management systems. Also, future high-level applications for network management must be suited for use within automatic control loops. This(More)
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