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The isolation of Borrelia burgdorferi flagella and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgM to the B. burgdorferi flagellum are described. The diagnostic performance of the flagellum ELISA for serodiagnosis of Lyme disease was compared with the performance of a traditional whole cell B. burgdorferi sonic(More)
Case-control studies of cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia grade III (CIN III) and of invasive cervical cancer were carried out in Spain and Colombia to assess the relationship between cervical cancer and 6 common sexually transmitted agents (STAs). The CIN-III studies included 525 cases and 512 controls matched for age and for the place of recruitment;(More)
By crossed immunoelectrophoresis and Western blotting (immunoblotting), it was shown that Borrelia burgdorferi expresses the 60-kilodalton Common Antigen (CA) that is cross-reactive with an equivalent antigen in a wide range of remotely related bacteria. B. burgdorferi CA is strongly immunogenic. A B. burgdorferi genomic library was constructed by using a(More)
The iron concentration in sweat and serum and related variables (transferrin saturation percentage, hemoglobin concentration) was measured in two groups of distance runners, each consisting of ten persons. In the first group unclear sweat was collected from the back of the athletes during cycling (without previous washing). The iron concentration (means +/-(More)
Twelve hundred faecal samples from patients suspected of acute enteric infection were examined for Cryptosporidium oocysts by means of a modified Ziehl-Neelsen technique. Smears prepared from the formol-ether sediment of 400 faecal samples were compared with those made directly from faeces. The numbers of positive patients were identical, but the diagnosis(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical evidence has revealed the antipruritic effect of botulinum toxin type A (BoNT/A). BoNT/A is believed to be effective against itch as it inhibits the release of acetylcholine as well as some other substances that may be involved in itch. OBJECTIVES To investigate the effect of subcutaneous administration of BoNT/A on experimentally(More)
We studied 23 patients with borrelia meningitis, a tick-borne spirochetosis increasingly recognized in Denmark. The disease showed a seasonal incidence from June to December. Twenty one patients experienced a painful sensory radiculitis, in 17 cases followed by a predominantly cranial mononeuritis multiplex mainly affecting the facial nerve (Bannwarth's(More)
Seven antigens were demonstrated in the Nichols pathogenic strain of Treponema pallidum when tested by cross immunoelectrophoresis against rabbit antibodies raised by immunization with T. pallidum sonicate. Indirect evidence was obtained for the presence of two more T. pallidum antigens. Of the nine antigens six reacted with antibodies in a human syphilitic(More)