Nils Smith-Erichsen

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OBJECTIVE To investigate an outbreak of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in an intensive care unit (ICU). DESIGN Epidemiologic investigation, environmental assessment, and ambidirectional cohort study. SETTING A secondary-care university hospital with a 10-bed ICU. PATIENTS All patients admitted to the ICU receiving ventilator treatment from(More)
12 high-risk patients underwent percutaneous cholecystostomy for serious acute cholecystitis using a transhepatic approach under ultrasonic guidance. Eight patients had acute acalculous cholecystitis, and four had acute calculous cholecystitis. Following the drainage procedure a mean decrease in body temperature of 0.7 degrees centigrade was noted in 11(More)
BACKGROUND Annual reports from Norwegian Intensive Care Units include risk-adjusted mortality data. Annual variation may be difficult to interpret due to random variation and changes in case mix. Several methods have been developed for continuous monitoring of treatment results in clinical practices where it is possible to calculate a risk for a certain(More)
Severe community acquired pneumonia is a common cause of acute respiratory failure requiring ventilator support. Bacteria are by far the most common pathogens, necessitating initial coverage with antibacterial agents. When influenza virus is involved in the aetiology of severe pneumonia, its role in the pathogenesis is most often that of facilitating(More)
BACKGROUND Blood transfusions can be lifesaving, but definite transfusion triggers for different clinical situations need to be determined. MATERIAL AND METHODS We carried out a survey among Norwegian anaesthesiologists regarding haemoglobin levels and transfusion triggers during surgery and in an intensive care setting. Blood conservation techniques were(More)
BACKGROUND Acid-base disturbances may cause a variety of symptoms, multi-organ failure and compromised immune defense. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of acid-base disturbances in intensive-care patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD The article is based on a non-systematic search in Pub Med, a textbook on intensive care and the authors' clinical(More)
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