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OBJECTIVE Searching for useful diagnostic tools to discriminate between asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) and acute cystitis, this study compared urinary levels of cytokines/chemokines and leukocyte esterase in three groups of elderly subjects; those with acute cystitis, those with ASB, and those without bacteriuria. DESIGN Comparative laboratory. SETTING(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory tract infections are the most common reason for antibiotic prescription in Sweden as in other countries. The prescription rates vary markedly in different countries, counties and municipalities. The reasons for these variations in prescription rate are not obvious. AIM To find possible explanations for different antibiotic(More)
Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) was followed in repeated prevalence surveys in a cohort of non-institutionalized residents (n=330), aged>or=80 y. Urine samples were collected at baseline, and at 6, and at 18 months. Phenotyping (PhenePlate) was performed on isolates of Escherichia coli to evaluate strain relatedness. ASB occurred in 19.0, 19.4, and 19.9% in(More)
BACKGROUND Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) is common among the elderly in institutional care, but less is known about its prevalence among the elderly living in community settings. Knowledge of the prevalence of ASB in this population could contribute to a reduction in unnecessary use of antibiotics. OBJECTIVE To study the prevalence of ASB and associated(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory tract infections (RTI) in children is the most common cause of prescription of antibiotics. It is important to describe and analyse non-medical factors in order to develop more rational use of antibiotics. OBJECTIVES To compare families with high and low concern about infectious illness with regard to social variables, perception of(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine infectious symptoms on a daily basis in families with small children and how often these infections cause people to stay at home or seek healthcare. DESIGN A population-based prospective study. SETTING Child health clinics in seven municipalities in Sweden. SUBJECTS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES All family members of 835 families who(More)
BACKGROUND There are several risk factors for the colonisation, infection and spreading of antibiotic resistant bacteria among elderly residents of nursing homes. An updated estimate of the native prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in uropathogens among Swedish nursing home residents is needed. METHODS Urine specimens were collected for culture and(More)
BACKGROUND Daycare infants have more infectious episodes, see a physician more often, and are prescribed antibiotics more often than home care infants. AIM To compare physician consultations and antibiotic prescription in daycare children and home care children taking number of symptom days, sociodemographic factors, concern about infectious illness and(More)
BACKGROUND Up to half the residents of nursing homes for the elderly have asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU), which should not be treated with antibiotics. A complementary test to discriminate between symptomatic urinary tract infections (UTI) and ABU is needed, as diagnostic uncertainty is likely to generate significant antibiotic overtreatment. Previous(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between bacteriuria and frequency and type of urinary incontinence in elderly people living in the community. Bacteriuria and urinary incontinence are common conditions and often coexisting in this population; the authors have previously reported the prevalence of bacteriuria to be 22.4% in women and 9.4% in men. (More)