Learn More
BACKGROUND The assessment of wrinkle severity is an important evaluation criterion to determine the efficacy of aesthetic treatments. Aim of the present study was to compare Validated Assessment Scales (VAS) and 3D fringe projection (PRIMOS(®) ) for the evaluation of facial wrinkles in men and to determine standard values for each level of the VAS. (More)
Carbon black is an industrially produced particulate form of nearly pure elemental carbon. The basic building blocks of carbon black are (1) primary particles, minute pieces of matter with defined physical boundaries; (2) aggregates, collections of strongly bound or fused particles; and (3) agglomerates, collections of weakly bound aggregates. Industrial(More)
Improved understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the aging face has laid the foundation for adopting an earlier and more comprehensive approach to facial rejuvenation, shifting the focus from individual wrinkle treatment and lift procedures to a holistic paradigm that considers the entire face and its structural framework. This article presents an(More)
BACKGROUND Mid-dermal injection of stabilized hyaluronic acid (HA) is well established as a treatment to reduce the effects of skin aging. OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy and safety of a stabilized HA-based gel of non-animal origin manufactured using the patented NASHA® technology (Restylane® Vital Light, Q-Med AB, Uppsala, Sweden) administered using a(More)
In recent years, a number of modalities have become available for the noninvasive reduction of adipose tissue, including cryolipolysis, radiofrequency, low-level laser, and high-intensity focused ultrasound. Each technology employs a different mechanism of action to cause apoptosis or necrosis of the targeted adipocytes. Among these technologies,(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The most commonly used method to determine the mechanical ability of skin is the creep test using suction chamber devices. Until now, there is no scientific consensus upon which skin deformation parameters and which body sites are particularly suitable to describe age-related changes in human skin mechanics. The aim of this study was to(More)
In current healthcare research, pain logs are an important means to measure the impact of medication and to detect pain patterns. However, the entry of textual pain data may be negatively reinforcing, due to its character of direct confrontation with one's pain, potentially leading to a higher pain awareness. This paper introduces valeo, a new form of a(More)
BACKGROUND A distinct trend in aesthetic medicine is the patient's demand for efficient, noninvasive treatments with no downtime. Ongoing with this, these so-called lunchtime procedures are expected to be as safe and painless as possible. A new technique based on a combination of radiofrequency (RF) and pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) was recently(More)
BACKGROUND Botulinum toxins are used for facial rejuvenation. OBJECTIVE To investigate the efficacy, patient satisfaction, and skin physiology after incobotulinumtoxinA treatment of the upper face. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty women aged 35 to 55 were enrolled in this single-center prospective 16-week study. Patients and an investigator blinded to visit(More)