Nils Kåre Birkeland

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Hydrolytic deamination of DNA-cytosines into uracils is a major source of spontaneously induced mutations, and at elevated temperatures the rate of cytosine deamination is increased. Uracil lesions are repaired by the base excision repair pathway, which is initiated by a specific uracil DNA glycosylase enzyme (UDG). The hyperthermophilic archaeon(More)
Methanotrophs are ubiquitous bacteria that can use the greenhouse gas methane as a sole carbon and energy source for growth, thus playing major roles in global carbon cycles, and in particular, substantially reducing emissions of biologically generated methane to the atmosphere. Despite their importance, and in contrast to organisms that play roles in other(More)
Uptake of glutamate into vesicles of Halobacterium salinarium has been studied during respiration and in the nonrespiring state. Uptake requires respiration or a minimum gradient in NaCl, which is consistent with an Na+ symport mechanism for uptake, as proposed for H. halobium. By replacing KCl or NaCl by choline chloride, it has been possible to(More)
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