Nils-Kåre Birkeland

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Methanotrophic bacteria constitute a ubiquitous group of microorganisms playing an important role in the biogeochemical carbon cycle and in control of global warming through natural reduction of methane emission. These bacteria share the unique ability of using methane as a sole carbon and energy source and have been found in a great variety of habitats.(More)
Culture-independent (PCR with Crenarchaeota-specific primers and subsequent denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis) and culture-dependent approaches were used to study the diversity of Crenarchaeota in terrestrial hot springs of the Kamchatka Peninsula and the Lake Baikal region (Russia) and of Iceland. Among the phylotypes detected there were relatives of(More)
Aerobic methanotrophic bacteria are capable of utilizing methane as their sole energy source. They are commonly found at the oxic/anoxic interfaces of environments such as wetlands, aquatic sediments, and landfills, where they feed on methane produced in anoxic zones of these environments. Until recently, all known species of aerobic methanotrophs belonged(More)
Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) from the hyperthermophile Thermotoga maritima (TmIDH) catalyses NADP+- and metal-dependent oxidative decarboxylation of isocitrate to alpha-ketoglutarate. It belongs to the beta-decarboxylating dehydrogenase family and is the only hyperthermostable IDH identified within subfamily II. Furthermore, it is the only IDH that has(More)
Molecular and culture-based methods were used to investigate the microbial diversity in produced water obtained from the high-temperature Troll oil formation in the North Sea. 16S rRNA gene libraries were generated from total community DNA, using universal archaeal or bacterial oligonucleotide primer sets. Sequence analysis of 88 clones in the bacterial(More)
A novel anaerobic, moderately thermophilic bacterium, strain Cas60314(T), was isolated from hot oil-well production water obtained from an oil reservoir in the North Sea. The cells were Gram-negative, motile, straight rods. The salinity and pH growth optima were 2.0-3.0 % NaCl and 6.5-7.0, respectively. The optimum temperature was 58 degrees C. Strain(More)
A thermostable l-malate dehydrogenase from the hyperthermophilic sulfate-reducing archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus was isolated and characterized, and its gene was cloned and sequenced. The enzyme is a homodimer with a molecular mass of 70 kDa and catalyzes preferentially the reduction of oxaloacetic acid with NADH. A. fulgidus l-malate dehydrogenase was(More)
Five novel strains (2002(T), 2902, 2006, 108(T) and 117) of cellulose-degrading, anaerobic, thermophilic bacteria were isolated from terrestrial hot springs of Kamchatka (Far East, Russia). Strains 2002(T) and 108(T) were non-spore-forming bacteria with a Gram-positive type cell wall and peritrichous flagella. Optimum growth of strains 2002(T) and 108(T)(More)
The genes encoding the α- and β-subunits of dissimilatory sulfite reductase, dsrAB, from the hyper-thermophilic archaeon Archaeoglobus profundus and the thermophilic gram-positive bacterium Desulfotomaculum thermocisternum were cloned and sequenced. The dsrAB genes are contiguous, and most probably comprise an operon also including a dsrD homolog, a(More)
Five methods for preparation of hydrogen-producing seeds (base, acid, 2-bromoethanesulfonic acid (BESA), load-shock and heat shock treatments) as well as an untreated anaerobic digested sludge were compared for their hydrogen production performance and responsible microbial community structures under thermophilic condition (60 degrees C). The results showed(More)